ations. Theodore Lyman, a volunteer aide on General George Meade's staff, left one of the few analyses of maps written by a participant in the war. As the title suggests, "Uselessness of the Maps Furnished to Staff of the Army of the Potomac" ( 1905) decries the inaccuracy of Union maps prior to 1864. Lyman, who mapped the positions of Union corps during the Wilderness campaign, argues that the quality of maps made by engineers in the field far surpassed those issued from Washington.
Few other writers have critically examined Civil War cartography. Articles by H. V. Canan ( "Maps for the Civil War," 1956), James B. Rhoads ( "Civil War Maps and Mapping," 1957), and A. Philip Muntz ( "Union Mapping in the American Civil War," 1963) describe mapping organizations or individual maps, with little attempt to explore the larger role of cartography in the war. Brief discussions of the relationship of maps to military decisions appear in "Mapping the Atlanta Campaign" ( 1982), by Richard W. Stephenson, and "Lost in Battle" ( 1986), by Harold Gulley and Louis DeVorsey. Their work suggests a direction future studies could take. While the history of Civil War cartography has shown recent signs of vitality, it offers ample opportunities for further research.
Aimone Allan C., and Barbara A. Aimone. A User's Guide to the Official Records of the American Civil War. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Publishing, 1993.
Antietam Battlefield Board. Atlas of the Battlefield of Antietam, Prepared under the Direction of the Antietam Battlefield Board. Washington, D.C.: Government Print ing Office, 1904.
Atlas for the American Civil War. Wayne, NJ: Avery Publishing, 1986.
Atlas to Accompany Confederate Military History. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1962.
B echler Gustavus. Atlas Showing Battles, Engagements, and Important Localities Con nected with the Campaigns in Virginia. Philadelphia: G. R. Bechler, 1864.
Bosse David. Civil War Newspaper Maps: A Cartobibliography of the Northern Daily Press. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.
-----. Civil War Newspaper Maps: A Historical Atlas. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Uni versity Press, 1993.
Campbell Albert H. "The Lost War Maps of the Confederates." Century Magazine 35 ( 1888): 479-481.
Canan H. V. "Maps for the Civil War." Armor 65 ( 1956): 34-42.
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Park Commission. Atlas of the Battlefields of Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and Vicinity. Washington, D.C.: Government Print ing Office, 1901.
Greene A. Wilson, and Gary W. Gallagher. National Geographic Guide to the Civil War National Battlefield Parks. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 1992.
Gulley Harold, and Louis DeVorsey. "Lost in Battle." Geographical Magazine 28 ( 1986): 1-18.
Hotchkiss Jedediah. Make Me a Map of the Valley: The Civil War Journal of StonewallJackson's Topographer