The collapse and retreat of the Confederate government and Davis's role therein has received scattered attention through the years. Burke Davis The Long Surrender ( 1985) details the retreat and the fate of Davis and the cabinet. Michael B. Ballard in A Long Shadow: Jefferson Davis and the Final Days of the Confederacy ( 1986) focuses on Davis's symbolic role during the retreat and resulting effects on his postwar image. A dated but still useful work is A. J. Hanna , Flight into Oblivion ( 1938). On Davis's capture by Union cavalry see David R. Barbee, "The Capture of Jefferson Davis" ( 1951); Chester D. Bradley, "Was Jefferson Davis Disguised as a Woman When Captured?" ( 1954); and Burton N. Harrison ( Davis's personal secretary), "The Capture of Jefferson Davis" ( 1883).
Davis's imprisonment after his capture is detailed in John J. Craven Prison Life of Jefferson Davis . . . ( 1866). A recent edition of Craven's book, edited by Edward K. Eckert and entitled "Fiction Distorting Fact: The Prison Life, Annotated by Jefferson Davis" ( 1987), contains comments written by Davis in the margins of his copy of Craven's book. Eckert also provides background commentary. (There is controversy regarding the authorship of Craven's book; see Eckert and also Ballard, A Long Shadow.) Other useful sources include Charles Minor Blackford, The Trials and Trial of Jefferson Davis ( 1901), and James E. Walmsley, ed., "Some Unpublished Letters of Burton N. Harrison" ( 1904).
There is still much study needed of Davis's postwar years and his emergence as a figure in the Lost Cause movement that swept the South in the latter part of the nineteenth century and remains much in evidence. Aside from sparse coverage in the Davis biographies, a sampling of available literature includes Charles Reagan Wilson, Baptized in Blood: The Religion of the Lost Cause, 1865-1920 ( 1980); Ballard, A Long Shadow; J. William Jones, The Davis Memorial Volume; or, Our Dead President, Jefferson Davis, and the World's Tribute to His Memory ( 1890); Thomas Connelly and Barbara L. Bellows, God and General Longstreet: The Lost Cause and the Southern Mind ( 1982); Michael B. Ballard , "Cheers for Jefferson Davis" ( 1981); Rollin G. Osterweis, The Myth of the Lost Cause, 1865-1900 ( 1973); and the volume that gave the Lost Cause identity and direction, Edward A. Pollard The Lost Cause: A New Southern History of the War of the Confederates ( 1866).
Addey Markinfield. Life and Imprisonment of Jefferson Davis, together with the Life and Military Career of Stonewall Jackson. New York: M. Doolady, 1866.
Alexander Thomas B., and Richard E. Beringer. The Anatomy of the Confederate Congress: A Study of the Influence of Member Characteristics on Legislative Voting Behavior, 1861-1865. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1972.
Alfriend Frank H. Life of Jefferson Davis. Philadelphia: National Publishing Company, 1868.