John B. Edmonds biography, Francis W. Pickens and the Politics of Destruction ( 1986), assesses the career of the governor of South Carolina. F. N. Boney wrote John Letcher of Virginia: The Story of Virginia's Civil War Governor ( 1966); Letcher was the coordinator of Virginia's first efforts at self-defense. Both Robert E. Lee and Thomas J. Jackson initially held Virginia commissions.
Malcolm C. McMillan took a different approach to state government during the war. His The Disintegration of a Confederate State: Three Governors and Alabama's Wartime Home Front, 1861-1865 ( 1986) examined the wartime administrations of Governors A. B. Morre, John Gill Shorter, and Thomas H. Watts.
Like Governor Letcher of Virginia, Isham Harris, chief executive of Tennessee, played a major role in organizing his state for war. His energy in planning and his enthusiasm for the Southern cause led directly to the formation of the major western Confederate command, the Army of Tennessee. In Army of the Heartland: The Army of Tennessee, 1861-1862 ( 1967), Thomas L. Connelly explained Governor Harris's role.
State legislatures in the Confederacy assumed almost impossible tasks. Keeping the roads open, protecting railroads, and working with governors to maintain the militia proved to be formidable assignments in the midst of war. May Spencer Ringold's The Role of the State Legislature in the Confederacy ( 1966) presents a positive portrait of their efforts even as the economy and the military collapsed.
Few significant books on Confederate cities and their leaders have appeared. Charles L. Dufour The Night the War Was Lost ( 1944) is a fine history of the inadequate defense of New Orleans in early 1862. Arthur W. Bergeron Confederate Mobile ( 1991) is an assessment of civic life, civilian administration, and military needs. Once again, the interaction between elected officials and the military authorities proved crucial to the continuation of the struggle in the closing days of the war. Despite close cooperation, the loss of the mouth of Mobile Bay ended the city's usefulness to the Confederacy's economy even though the garrison held out until the last days of the war.
Alderman Edwin Anderson, and Armistead Churchill Gordon. J. L M. Curry: A Biography. New York: Macmillan, 1911.
Alexander Thomas B., and Richard E. Beringer. The Anatomy of the Confederate Congress: A Study of the Influences of Member Characteristics on Legislative Voting Behavior, 1861-1865. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 1972.
Bakeless John. Spies of the Confederacy. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1970.
Ball Douglas B. Financial Failure and Confederate Defeat. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.
Barney William L. The Secessionist Impulse: Alabama and Mississippi in 1860. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974.