closet because they doubted the ability of Federal troops to protect them against Confederate raids and reprisals. This, in turn, was partly a function of the Northern preference for keeping its field armies as strong as possible, with only limited forces to guard communication lines and strongpoints, and frequently none to maintain effective political control over areas nominally occupied.
Similarly, although writers often stress the importance of a given campaign on civilian morale, we actually know little about this crucial subject, and even less about the weight that battlefield events should be accorded relative to other factors, such as the intrusion of government into private life or the perceptionwidespread on both sides--that the burdens of war affected rich and poor unequally.
Finally, we still know too little about the way in which Civil War campaigns appeared to private soldiers and junior officers. The letters, diaries, and reminiscences of such men are routinely mined for dramatic anecdotes but seldom examined systematically to produce new insights. Joseph T. Glatthaar The March to the Sea and Beyond and Larry Daniel Soldiering in the Army of Tennessee are worthy beginnings, but much more remains to be done.
Barrett John G. Sherman's March through the Carolinas. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1956.
Bearss Edwin C. Decision in Mississippi: Mississippi's Important Role in the War between the States. Jackson: Mississippi Commission on the War Between the States, 1962.
-----. Forrest at Brice's Crossroads and in North Mississippi in 1864. Dayton: Morningside, 1991.
-----. Rebel Victory at Vicksburg. Vicksburg, MS: Vicksburg Centennial Commemoration Commission, 1963.
-----. The Vicksburg Campaign. 3 vols. Dayton: Morningside, 1985- 1986.
Bearss Margie Riddle. Sherman's Forgotten Campaign: The Meridian Expedition. Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1987.
Bowers John. Chickamauga and Chattanooga: The Battles That Doomed the Confederacy. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.
Brown D. Alexander. Grierson's Raid. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1954.
Carter Samuel III. The Final Fortress: The Campaign for Vicksburg, 1862-1863. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980.
-----. The Siege of Atlanta, 1864. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1973.
Castel Albert. Decision in the West: The Atlanta Campaign of 1864. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1992.
-----. "The Historian and the General: Thomas L. Connelly versus Robert E. Lee." Civil War History 16 ( 1970): 50-63.
Catton Bruce. Grant Moves South. Boston: Little, Brown, 1960.
Cist Henry M. The Army of the Cumberland. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1885.
Connelly Thomas L. Army of the Heartland: The Army of Tennessee, 1861-1862. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1967.