memoirs, and newspapers. Unfortunately, many of the resources he mentions are unpublished and accessible only to the most diligent researcher.
Less useful but still of interest is Alvin M. Josephy Jr., The Civil War in the American West ( 1991). Although Josephy devotes three chapters to the New Mexico campaign, his research is limited to the Official Records and secondary sources. The book is also uneven in organization, for it does not follow chronological order. Josephy's tendency to jump from New Mexico to Minnesota, then back to Louisiana for the Red River campaign before returning to Arkansas to discuss the Battle of Pea Ridge (which occurred two years earlier), may disturb some readers. He does, however, give adequate background to events and detailed descriptions of the military actions.
An understanding of the trans- Mississippi is not complete without a look at the irregular operations that plagued the entire department. The best work on guerrilla warfare in the northern regions is Michael Fellman, Inside War. The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri during the American Civil War ( 1989). Although some scholars fault Fellman for making too great a generalization, his analysis is a worthwhile contribution to understanding the motivations of the men who carried on an irregular war in the West. He does not, however, give enough credit to older works, such as Richard S. Brownlee, Gray Ghosts of the Confederacy: Guerrilla Warfare in the West, 1861-1865 ( 1958), which despite its title, focuses primarily on Missouri and Kansas. There is no book that looks at similar problems in Arkansas, but articles that cover the topic are Daniel E. Sutherland , "Guerrillas: The Real War in Arkansas" ( 1993), and Leo E. Huff, "Guerrillas, Jayhawkers and Bushwhackers in Northern Arkansas during the War" ( 1965).
Many other fine studies appear in magazines and journals. Of particular interest are journals published in the modern states that formed part of the military department. Some important ones are the Southwestern Historical Quarterly, East Texas Historical Journal, Panhandle-Plains Historical Review, West Texas Historical Association Year Book, Arkansas Historical Quarterly, Louisiana History (previously published as Louisiana Historical Quarterly), McNeese Review, North Louisiana Historical Association Journal, the Missouri Historical Review, Chronicles of Oklahoma, New Mexico Historical Review, Rio Grande History, Journal of Arizona History, Arizona History Review, Military History of the West (previously published as Texas Military History, Military History of Texas and the Southwest, and Military History of the Southwest).
Bailey Anne J. Between the Enemy and Texas: Parsons's Texas Cavalry in the Civil War. Forth Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1989.