of blockade duty for the navy or the clash of titans for the army. These hidden recesses suggest, however, that much remains to be investigated before modern scholarship can consider the story of the Civil War on the inland rivers truly complete.
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Bastian David F. "Opening of the Mississippi during the Civil War." In Department of History, USNA, ed. New Aspects of Naval History: Selected Papers from the Fifth Naval History Symposium, pp. 129-136. Baltimore: Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company, 1985.
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-----. Rebel Victory at Vicksburg. Vicksburg: Vicksburg Centennial Commemorative Commission, 1963.
-----. The Campaign for Vicksburg. 3 vols. Dayton: Momingside, 1985, 1986.
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Beringer Richard E., Herman Hattaway, Archer Jones, and William N. Still Jr. Why the South Lost the Civil War. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1986.
Berlin Ira, et al. Free at Last: A Documentary History of Slavery, Freedom, and the Civil War. New York: Free Press, 1992.
-----. Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861-1867. Series I, vol. 1: Destruction of Slavery. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
Boynton Charles B. The History of the Navy during the Rebellion. 2 vols. New York: Appleton, 1867- 1868.
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-----. Notes on Naval Ordnance of the American Civil War, 1861-1865. Washington, D.C.: American Ordnance Association, 1960.
Canney Donald L. The Old Steam Navy. Vol. 1: Frigates, Sloops and Gunboats, 1815- 1885. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1990.
-----. The Old Steam Navy. Vol. 2: The Ironclads, 1842-1885. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1993.
Carter Samuel III. The Final Fortress: The Campaign for Vicksburg, 1862-1863. New York: St. Martin's, 1980.
Catton Bruce. Grant Moves South. Boston: Little, Brown, 1960.