John M. Schofield gained his greatest Civil War fame at the Battle of Franklin ( 1864) and in the late nineteenth century served as commanding general of the army. His memoirs, Forty-Six Years in the Army ( 1897), are disappointing for their lack of introspection. A modern biography is James Lee McDonough, Schofield. Union General in the Civil War and Reconstruction ( 1972).
Better remembered for his work with the Freedman's Bureau and because Howard University is named after him, Oliver Otis Howard nonetheless played an important part in the Civil War in both the eastern theater and as part of Sherman's army in the West. He wrote an important memoir, Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard, Major General, U.S. Army ( 1907). Two biographical accounts have been published: John A. Carpenter, Sword and Olive Branch: Oliver Otis Howard ( 1964), and William S. McFeely, Yankee Stepfather. General O. O. Howard and the Freedmen ( 1968).
Other books about Union military figures that deserve mention are: Russell F. Weigley , Quartermaster General of the Union Army: A Biography of M. C. Meigs ( 1959); William M. Lamers, The Edge of Glory: A Biography of General William S. Rosecrans ( 1961); Glenn Tucker, Hancock the Superb ( 1960); David M. Jordan , Winfield Scott Hancock: A Soldier's Life ( 1990); Christopher Phillips, Damned Yankee: The Life of General Nathaniel Lyon ( 1990); William H. and Shirley A. Leckie, Unlikely Warriors: General Benjamin H. Grierson and His Family ( 1984); Gregory J. Urwin, Custer Victorious: The Civil War Battles of General George Armstrong Custer ( 1990); Joshua Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies ( 1915); Alpheus S. Williams, From the Cannon's Mouth ( 1959); William B. Hazen, A Narrative of Military Service ( 1885); John Gibbon, Personal Recollections of the Civil War ( 1928); and Russell Duncan, ed., Blue-Eyed Child of Fortune: The Civil War Letters of Colonel Robert Gould Shaw ( 1992).
Agassiz George R. ed. Meade's Headquarters, 1863-1865: Letters of Colonel Theodore Lyman from the Wilderness to Appomattox. Boston: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1922.
Ambrose Stephen E. Halleck, Lincoln's Chief of Staff. Baton Rouge: Louisiana University Press, 1962.
Badeau Adam. Grant in Peace: From Appomattox to Mount McGregor. Hartford: S. S. Scranton, 1887.
-----. Military History of Ulysses S. Grant, from April 1861, to April 1865. 3 vols. New York: D. Appleton, 1868- 1881.
Boatner Mark. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: David McKay, 1959.