War Times Illustrated ( 1977) has written on this topic. Donald L. Anderson and Godfrey Anderson article, "Nostalgia and Malingering in the Military during the Civil War" ( 1984), examines this problem in detail. Castel in his "On the Duties of the Surgeon in Action" ( 1978) has edited the reports of Surgeon Richard Vickery about the diseases seen by and the duties of a Civil War medical officer.
The entire field of medicine in the Civil War deserves further investigation. More biographical information is needed on several of the medical leaders of both the Confederacy and the Union.
Appreciation is expressed to Guin Johnson for typing the manuscript for this chapter.
Adams George W. Doctors in Blue: The Medical History of the Union Army in the Civil War. New York: H. Schuman, 1952.
Beers Fannie A. Memories: A Record of Personal Experience and Adventure during Four Years of War. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1888.
Beers Henry P. Guide to the Archives of the Confederate States of America. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, General Services Administration, 1968.
Billings John D. Hardtack and Coffee, the Unwritten Story of Army Life. Boston: George M. Smith & Co., 1888.
Blaisdell F. William. "Medical Advances during the Civil War." Archives of Surgery 123 ( 1988): 1045-1050.
Blanton Wyndham B. Medicine in Virginia in the Nineteenth Century. Richmond: Garrett & Massie, 1933.