The American Civil War: A Handbook of Literature and Research

By Robin Higham; Steven E. Woodworth | Go to book overview

a threat to representative democracy, the best hope of humanity, the desire to punish treason was strong. Union soldiers were deeply divided over the emancipation proclamation, and war weariness was significant. But just like their Confederate counterparts, they continued to fight not only because of the bonding that mutual suffering had generated but also because the ideological principles remained important to them. Ironically, a shared racism during the postwar period led veterans of both sides to downplay the significance of slavery as a factor during the war.


CURRENT SCHOLARSHIP AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS

Work on the common soldier represents some of the best in Civil War scholarship. It includes as well a wealth of books and articles outside the scope of this chapter, devoted to the minutiae of soldier life. Thanks to the passion of collectors, reenactors, and Civil War buffs generally, astonishingly meticulous studies exist on almost every item Johnny Reb or Billy Yank wore, ate, carried, shot, rode, read, sang, slept in, sat on, or grumbled about. The four volumes of Lord Francis A. Civil War Collector's Encyclopedia ( 1965- 1995) and numerous other works testify to the continued popularity of studying the material culture of Johnny Reb and Billy Yank.

As overviews, the books by McCarthy, Billings, Wiley, and Robertson are not likely to be surpassed. Glatthaar and Daniel, however, remind us of the dangers of generalization, for Sherman's boys had their own character, and the Army of Tennessee was not the Army of Northern Virginia. More analysis of individual armies is in order, and as in so much else, the trans-Mississippi remains the most neglected area.

But additional studies of military subgroups will be truly significant only if they go beyond tin cups and cartridge boxes to explore issues of ideology, character, behavior, morale, and motivation. Objectivity is difficult. For example, historians who downplay ideology and emphasize small unit cohesion as combat motivators may be influenced by post-Vietnam cynicism. They may even be reading back into the past patterns of behavior that were first identified by historians studying veterans of World War II. Conversely, those who argue that Civil War soldiers sacrificed their lives because of deep ideological commitment may be reacting in some fashion to the apparent failure of the civil rights movement of the 1960s and the increasingly shallow, self-centered, and materialistic America of the 1980s and 1990s. Wasn't there, they seem to suggest, a time when people cared? This ongoing debate provides the richest vein for those who wish to sift one more time through the hundreds of thousands of letters, diaries, and reminiscences that constitute our legacy from the common soldier of the Civil War.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Barton Michael. Goodmen: The Character of Civil War Soldiers. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1981.

-464-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The American Civil War: A Handbook of Literature and Research
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword James M. Mcpherson ix
  • Preface xi
  • Introduction Steven E. Woodworth xiii
  • Part I - General Secondary Sources 1
  • 1 - Surveys and Textbooks 3
  • Bibliography 9
  • 2 - General Reference Works 11
  • Bibliography 20
  • 3 - Bibliographies 23
  • Bibliography 27
  • 4 - Periodical Indexes 39
  • Bibliography 44
  • 5 - Genealogical Sources 46
  • Summary 52
  • Summary 52
  • Part II - General Primary Sources 57
  • 6 - Memoirs, Diaries, and Letters 59
  • Letters 73
  • 7 - Published Papers 75
  • Bibliography 83
  • 8 - Unpublished Manuscript Collections 85
  • Bibliography 94
  • Part III - Illustrative Materials 97
  • 9 - Maps, Charts, and Atlases 99
  • Bibliography 108
  • 10 - Photographs and Drawings 111
  • Bibliography 117
  • Part IV - Causation--Events Leading to the War 119
  • 11 - Slavery, Race, and Culture 121
  • Bibliography 128
  • 12 - Constitutional and Political Factors 131
  • Bibliography 141
  • 13 - Economic Factors 144
  • Bibliography 151
  • Part V - International Relations 155
  • 14 - Union International Relations 157
  • Bibliography 169
  • 15 - Confederate International Relations 177
  • Bibliography 184
  • Part VI - Leaders 187
  • 16 - Abraham Lincoln 189
  • Bibliography 200
  • 17 - Jefferson Davis 203
  • Bibliography 209
  • 18 - Union Civilian Leaders 216
  • Bibliography 225
  • 19 - Confederate Civilian Leaders 234
  • Bibliography 240
  • Part VII - Strategy and Tactics: Operations, Campaigns, and Battles 245
  • 20 - Eastern Theater 247
  • Bibliography 260
  • 21 - Western Theater 270
  • Bibliography 283
  • 22 - Trans-Mississippi Theater 287
  • Bibliography 295
  • 23 - War on Inland Waters 298
  • Bibliography 306
  • 24 - War at Sea 313
  • Bibliography 326
  • Part VIII - Conduct of the War 333
  • 25 - Leadership--Union Army Officers 335
  • Bibliography 341
  • 26 - Leadership--Confederate Army Officers 346
  • Bibliography 352
  • 27 - Leadership--Union Naval Officers 357
  • Bibliography 364
  • 28 - Leadership--Confederate Naval Officers 368
  • Bibliography 373
  • 29 - Modern War/Total War 379
  • Bibliography 387
  • 30 - Ordnance 390
  • Biblliography 400
  • 31 - Supplies 405
  • Conclusion 413
  • 32 - Intelligence Activities 419
  • Bibliography 428
  • 33 - Medical Activities 433
  • Suggested Areas for Future Research 445
  • 34 - Enlisted Soldiers 454
  • Bibliography 464
  • 35 - Prison Camps and Prisoners of War 466
  • Bibliography 475
  • Part IX - The Home Front 479
  • 36 - Northern State and Local Politics 481
  • Bibliography 490
  • 37 - Southern State and Local Politics 494
  • Bibliography 500
  • 38 - Industry, Agriculture, and the Economy 505
  • Bibliography 512
  • 39 - Northern Social Conditions 515
  • 40 - Southern Social Conditions 530
  • Bibliography 537
  • Part X - Reconstruction and Beyond 545
  • 41 - Southern Occupation 547
  • Bibliography 556
  • 42 - Economics 561
  • Bibliography 571
  • 43 - Emancipation, Freedmen, and the Freedmen's Bureau 576
  • Bibliography 584
  • 44 - Veterans' Organizations and Memories of the War 586
  • Notes 596
  • Part XI - Popular Media 601
  • 45 - Novels and Other Fictional Accounts 603
  • Conclusion 610
  • 46 - Films and Television 613
  • Bibliography 619
  • 47 - Musical and Narrative Recordings 620
  • Bibliography 657
  • Appendix - Publishers and Dealers of Civil War Literature 659
  • Index 679
  • Bout the Contributors 753
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 756

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.