the Civil War and Reconstruction on Arkansas ( 1994), and John I. Smith has written a sympathetic biography of Arkansas governor Isaac Murphy, The Courage of a Southern Unionist ( 1979).
James Marten discusses the persistence of wartime unionism in Texas and offers an introduction to state politics in his Texas Divided ( 1990). Two dissertations-- "A Political Labyrinth" by Nancy Head Bowen and "The Texas Governorship, 1861-1865" by Fredericka Ann Meiners--treat political alignments, state-federal relations, military affairs, and financial matters.
Despite the broad coverage of Civil War--era politics, literature about the Southern states is limited in scope and sophistication. Scholars interested in the topic have a wide-open field in which to develop new studies that will take the discussion of politics in the period 1861 to 1865 beyond familiar debates about federal-state rivalry, dissent, and the expansion of government authority. Updated surveys of state government and politics in the various states are needed, as are general works on the Democratic and opposition parties. Significant Confederate cities--New Orleans, Charleston, Mobile, Nashville--deserve attention, and our understanding of the politics of common people--urban and rural, white and black--suffers from a lack of study.
Ambrose Stephen E. "Yeoman Discontent in the Confederacy." Civil War History 8 ( 1962): 259-268.
Amlund Curtis Arthur. Federalism in the Southern Confederacy. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press, 1966.
Auman William T. "Neighbor against Neighbor: The Inner Civil War in the Randolph County Area of Confederate North Carolina." North Carolina Historical Review 61 ( 1984): 59-92.
Avery Isaac W. The History of the State of Georgia from 1850 to 1881. New York: Brown and Derby, 1881.
Baker Robin E. "Class Conflict and Political Upheaval: The Transformation of North Carolina Politics during the Civil War." North Carolina Historical Review 69 ( 1992): 148-178.
Bass James Horace. "The Attack upon the Confederate Administration in Georgia in the Spring of 1864." Georgia Historical Quarterly 18 ( 1934): 228-247.
-----. "The Georgia Gubernatorial Elections of 1861 and 1863." Georgia Historical Quarterly 17 ( 1935): 167-188.
Bettersworth John K. Confederate Mississippi: The People and Policies of a Cotton State. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1943.
Black Robert C. III. The Railroads of the Confederacy. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1952.
Bond Bradley G. Political Culture in the Nineteenth-Century South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1995.
Boney F. N. John Letcher of Virginia: The Story of Virginia's Civil War Governor. University, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1966.