Revolution and Counterrevolution: Change and Persistence in Social Structures

By Seymour Lipset Martin | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 6
Political Cleavages in "Developed" and "Emerging" Polities

Although many discussions of the possibilities for democratic politics in the emerging nations of the "third world" are posed in terms of whether or not these nations can successfully absorb political models established in the developed countries, it is not really possible to speak of a "Western" political system. A variety of factors have contributed to the vast array of party systems existing in the developed nations.1 These include the different ways in which mass suffrage parties first emerged, the various conditions under which lower-class parties formed their basic ideologies, whether a polity derives its authority from historic legitimacy or from post-revolutionary populism, the extent to which different nations have resolved the tensions flowing from the key power cleavages common in the history of Western industrial societies, such as the place of religion, universal suffrage, the distribution of national income and resources, and the variations in electoral systems. Clearly many of the existing differences reflect the institutionalization of past bases of opinion cleavage; once formalized in political parties these cleavages have survived the decline or disappearance of the original social conflicts which gave rise to party divi

____________________
1
An effort to relate these systematically to theoretical assumptions about basic structures of social systems derived from the concepts of Talcott Parsons may be found in S. M. Lipset and Stein Rokkan, "Cleavage Structures, Party Systems, and Voter Alignments," in Lipset and Rokkan (eds.), Party Systems and Voter Alignments ( New York: The Free Press of Glencoe, 1967), pp. 1-64. I have also discussed the factors related to varying political systems in various contexts in other books and do not want to repeat them here. See S. M. Lipset, Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics ( Garden City: Doubleday, 1960), pp. 45-96, and The First New Nation ( New York: Basic Books, 1963), pp. 207-317.

-179-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Revolution and Counterrevolution: Change and Persistence in Social Structures
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 468

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.