great sensation among the Indians, who are apprehensive that it is only a prelude to other similar aggressions. Some of them, we understand, keep a close watch over their property, and declare their intention of protecting it with their lives; but we have not heard of their making any threats of endeavoring to retake the property which has been forcibly wrested from them.--They will demand its restitution of the government and if their claim is a just one, we hope and trust that the property will be restored to them. We know nothing of the validity of the adverse claim which has been set up to it but we are clearly of opinion, that whether it be valid or invalid, the step taken to get possession of it, is irregular and illegal. Measures, we understand, are in a train, for placing the property in safe hands, until such time as legal investigation shall adjudge it to its rightful owners.46
One week later the Gazette announced the final disposition of the matter: "We learn, by a gentleman who returned a few days since from Cantonment Gibson, that the Negroes who were recently forcibly taken from the Cherokee Indians . . . by a citizen of Crawford county, have been surrendered, and returned to the Cherokee nation."47 Nevertheless, Cherokees continued to be apprehensive about the security of their property and intruders remained a serious problem.
The numbers of black slaves constantly increased by natural proliferation, purchase, and immigration. On January 28, 1830, about two hundred emigrating Cherokees passed Little Rock on the steamboat Industry on their way up the Arkansas River. The party contained both Indians and slaves. The next day the steamboat Waverly passed carrying nearly the same number of immigrants and slaves.48