QUANTITY AND DURATION OF EMOTION.1
Mental Excitement. The most general predicate which we can make of the states of feeling arising about mental operations is expressed by the term excitement. The word means stimulation, and as physical stimuli bring about a more or less diffused physical reaction or bodily excitement, so presentations, ideas, stimulate higher states of feeling in forms all of which exhibit the diffused property called excitement. If we picture a logical machine, with no feeling whatever, turning out syllogisms, we picture at the same time the absence of that excitement which make the mind in its logical character different from such a machine. "Collness" is the popular word--"calmness" is more fitting--to denote the absence of emotional excitement. For the present we will consider such excitement on its conscious side, and call it mental, leaving the question of its relation to nervous diffusion until its inner aspets have been pointed out.
Relativity of Feeling. The general nature of feeling, as dependent upon physical and mental processes, accounts for its extreme variability in differnt and in the same circumtances. If feeling arises everywhere in consciousness the present state of feeling must result from a great complexity of bodily and mental conditions. The pricinple of contrast has already been appllied to the phenomena of sensation,2 and its application to emotional states is evident.____________________