THE FIFTH REPUBLIC. THE CONSTITUTION OF 1958
1. The last days of the Fourth Republic. The frequent ministerial crises through which the Fourth Republic passed, the lack of stability at the head of the state, the weakening of the authority of the French government both at home and abroad, gradually increased the dissatisfaction with the existing régime, and brought with it the danger of an extreme right revolt.
The fifteenth of April 1958 witnessed the fall of the Gaillard government in the Chamber. A series of attempts to form a government commanding a majority in the National Assembly failed, one after the other. It was not until almost a month had elapsed that it was possible to form a government, headed by former Prime Minister Pflimlin, acceptable to the National Assembly. But even before the new prime minister had passed through the constitutionally decreed "investiture" in the Assembly, the revolt in Algiers broke out on 13 May 1958.1 The revolt was headed by extreme right circles among French colonists and among senior French army officers in Algeria. It was clearly aimed at the parliamentary government in Paris, and at the Fourth Republic generally. A Committee of Public Safety, with a patently illegal____________________