A Model Royal Colony
DURING the half century between the creation of the Board of Trade in 1696 and the surrender of the Charter of Georgia in 1752, the British government adopted a well defined colonial policy now familiarly known as "the old colonial system." The demands of trade and the necessity of adequate military defense against France explain why British statesmen determined to centralize control of the Colonies in the hands of the Crown, and to maintain the greatest uniformity possible in colonial policy.1 The authority of the Trustees over Georgia had been designed as temporary in the first place. Georgia would now become a royal colony and be made to conform to the established colonial pattern. Yet it would have been far too much to expect that the inept British colonial administration of that day would have made provision for the new Colony in advance of the actual transfer of control to the Crown. In any case, the Charter had been surrendered a year before the date of its expiration.
Lest confusion arise in the Colony during the transitional period, the Trustees suggested that the existing officers be empowered to remain in authority until the establishment of a new administration under the Crown.2 This suggestion was followed, and on June 25, 1752, the date of the formal surrender of control by the Trustees, a proclama-____________________