THIS book is not intended to do away with the teacher. On the contrary, it rests upon the conviction that a text-book of history is valuable only as it helps and is helped by the teacher's work. Nor, on the other hand, is it intended to be a pocket-encyclopædia for the period it covers. It aims to present a narrative which can be read and studied by an intelligent pupil, who already knows something of Roman history, without weariness and without confusion, and which shall also open to both teacher and pupil an outlook over a wider field than it can itself occupy.
If the author had not believed that a book might do something to show these wider relations of history, he would not have wasted his time upon these pages, but he must frankly admit that the usefulness of his book will depend almost entirely upon the tact and enthusiasm of the teacher who uses it.
All historical instruction must rest upon two foundation-stones,--Geography and Chronology. Without these it is merely floating about in space and time.
Geography. --Let all historical geography rest upon physical geography, and never fail to bring it back to