THE BREAKING OF THE FRONTIER BY THE VISIGOTHS
AUTHORITIES: -- Ammianus Marcellinus: History, continuation of
Tacitus to 378. A soldier, eye-witness of much that he nar-
rates; a pagan with respect for Christianity. Brings the Visi-
goths into the Empire and stops. -- Jordanes: de origine acti-
busque Getarum. Ed. A. Holder. 1882. Trans. into German
in Die Geschichtschreiber der Deutschen Vorzeit. VI. Jahrt. 2.
A man of Gothic descent, wrote about 552 an epitome of the lost
history of Cassiodorus Senator, the great Roman minister of
Theodoric the Ostrogoth. --Zosimus: A pagan Greek, contem-
porary of Theodosius II. ( 408-4 50)), wrote the history of the
Empire to 410 in bitter opposition to Christianity. A poor
authority, but almost the only one after Ammianus. -- Eunapius,
also heathen and Greek, glorifies Julian at the expense of the
Christian emperors. -- The Ecclesiastical Historians, Socrates,
Sozomenus, Theodoretus, and Philostorgius, together cover-
ing the period from 307 to 425. Their chief interest is
theological, and we get from them little light upon the move-
ment of events. -- Aurelius Augustinus; The City of God.
Trans. by Marcus Dods. 2 vols. 1872. -- Salvianus: de guber-
natione dei; written in Gaul before 4 50); ascribes all the evils of
the times to the decay of morality among the Romans.
MODERN WORKS: --As above, also under Chap. IX.-- Thomas Hodgkin : Italy and her Invaders. Vols. I.-IV. 1880-86. A
most interesting and picturesque account of the barbarian inva-
sion of Italy to the year 553. Valuable as far as our Chap. VII.
IT would be wrong to suppose that this attack had not been long expected by the Roman government. For nearly four hundred years it had strained every nerve, first to conquer the Germans
The Roman offensive.