Chapter 5
DEFENCE AND ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOUR

In the previous chapter I outlined the general structure of a neurosis, which I conceived as being the result of conflict between repressing and repressed parts of the personality, the tendency of the latter to force itself back into consciousness leading to neurotic anxiety, increased inhibition and the development of symptoms. My account was based largely on Freud's Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety and it includes two assumptions which merit discussion.

Firstly, it assumes a tendency for the personality to divide into two parts, a controlling ego concerned with maintaining its own stability and an impulsive id striving for self-expression. On this assumption neurosis is an indication either that the neurotic has stronger or more dangerous impulses than others, which makes it harder for him to control them or, alternatively, that he has a weaker ego which makes return of the repressed more likely -- the strength of the impulses and the stability of the ego being dependent on either constitutional or developmental factors. Psycho-analysis has become popularly associated with explanation in terms of childhood environmental influences, but Freud himself was often inclined to constitutional explanations and he thought it

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Anxiety and Neurosis
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Chapter 1 - Anxiety, Fear And Expectancy 1
  • Chapter 2 - Anxiety, Fright And Shock 16
  • Chapter 3 - Anxiety, Guilt And Depression 36
  • Chapter 4 - Inhibitions, Symptoms And Anxiety 55
  • Chapter 5 - Defence And Adaptive Behaviour 69
  • Chapter 6 - The Neuroses 95
  • Chapter 7 - Treatment of The Neuroses 128
  • Bibliography 145
  • Index 151
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