Chinese Arms Transfers: Purposes, Patterns, and Prospects in the New World Order

By R. Bates Gill | Go to book overview

NOTES
1
Yaacov Vertzberger, The Enduring Entente: Sino-Pakistani Relations, 1960- 1980, Washington Papers 95, Georgetown University Center for Strategic and International Studies ( New York: Praeger, 1983).
2
These calculations are based on figures provided in Michael Brzoska and Thomas Ohlson, Arms Transfers to the Third World, 1971- 1985 ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987), Appendix 7. Were it not for the U.S. $3.2 billion military aid package between the United States and Pakistan ( 1981 to 1987), the United States would be a distant third as an arms supplier to Pakistan for the period 1966 to 1985.
3
See Vertzberger, The Enduring Entente, 15.
4
Yaacov Vertzberger, "The Political Economy of Sino-Pakistani Relations", Asian Survey ( May 1983), 637-47, briefly spells out the developments in nonmilitary relations between Pakistan and China. Greater details are provided in Gurnam Singh, Sino-Pakistan Relations: The Ayub Era ( Amritsar: Guru Nanak Dev University Press, 1987).
5
"China-Pakistan joint communique, 7 March 1965", reprinted in K. Arif, ed., China Pakistan Relations 1947- 1980 ( Lahore: Vanguard Books, 1984) (hereafter cited as China-Pakistan Documents), 52-54.
6
"Hsinhua statement on Indo-pakistan border conflict, 4 May 1965", ChinaPakistan Documents, 64-65.
7
"Chinese Government statement, 7 September 1965", China-Pakistan Documents, 73, 75.
8
This point is made by Vertzberger, The Enduring Entente, 36.
9
These notes of 8, 12, 16, and 19 September, as well as other official PRC government statements on this issue are set out in China-Pakistan Documents, 75-89.
10
See Singh, Sino-Pakistan Relations, 213-14.
11
Citing Pakistan National Assembly debates after the September conflict, Singh, Sino-Pakistan Relations, 213-14, notes several assembly delegates expressing appreciation to China for "material support" and "massive and substantial" aid to Pakistan during the Indo-Pakistani war.
12
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, China's Arms Trade Policy ( Stockholm: 1970?), 46, casts doubt upon this claim. See also Vertzberger, "The Political Economy of Sino-Pakistani Relations," 647 and fn. 42.
13
B. L. Sharma, The Pakistan-China Axis ( Bombay: Asia Publishing House, 1968), 115, citing a Thai newspaper, Bhim Thai, 27 March 1966; Singh, SinoPakistan Relations, 214.
14
See Vertzberger, The Enduring Entente, 88 and fn. 218, citing W. J. Barnds, India, Pakistan and the Great Powers ( New York: Praeger, 1972), 214.
15
International Institute for Strategic Studies, Military Balance, 1967- 1968 ( London: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1967), 49.
16
"Liu Shao-chi's speech at the banquet, 26 March 1966", China-Pakistan Documents, 102.
17
Singh, Sino-Pakistan Relations, 198.
18
International Institute for Strategic Studies, Military Balance, 1970- 1971 ( London: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1972), 78.

-161-

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