Relocating Teams and Expanding Leagues in Professional Sports: How the Major Leagues Respond to Market Conditions

By Frank P. Jozsa Jr.; John J. GuthrieJr. | Go to book overview

number of teams and sites will exist to the detriment of fans, cities, and all participants in the sport.


NOTES
1.
Leonard Koppett, Sports Illusion, Sports Reality: A Reporter's View of Sports, Journalism, and Society, 2nd ed. ( Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1994), 68-69.
2.
Ibid.
3.
See Roger G. Noll and Andrew Zimbalist, eds., Sports, Jobs, and Taxes: The Economic Impact of Sports Teams and Stadiums ( Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1997), 389.
4.
Ibid.
5.
See Charles C. Euchner, Playing the Field: Why Sports Teams Move and Cities Fight to Keep Them ( Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993), 104-130.
6.
Mark S. Rosentraub, Major League Losers: The Real Costs of Sports and Who's Paying for It ( New York: Basic Books, 1997).
7.
See James Quirk, "An Economic Analysis of Team Movements in Professional Sports", Law and Contemporary Problems 38 (Winter-Spring1973), 42-66. Also Tables 1.1-1.3 contain the mean winning percentages and home site attendance of four NL teams, and the population and per capita income of the metropolitan areas, at the postmove sites.
8.
See James Quirk and Rodney Fort, Pay Dirt: The Business of Professional Sports ( Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1992), 391-393, 399.
9.
See Foon Rhee, "Twins Sale on Agenda as Owners Talk Shop", Charlotte Observer ( 11 January 1998), 1A, 18A; Scott Fowler, "List Puts Panthers Among Most Valuable Pro Teams", Charlotte Observer ( 25 May 1997), 1A, 18A; Quirk and Fort, Pay Dirt, 447; Michael Ozanian, "Selective Accounting", Forbes ( 14 December 1998), 126.
10.
For a ranking of all the owners in the four major sports leagues, with each owner listed according to his or her net worth, see John Steinbreder, "The Owners", Sports Illustrated ( 13 September 1993), 64-87.
11.
The Fox Group is expected to market the Dodgers more aggressively and increase ticket prices at Dodger Stadium. Currently, Fox is entering the third year of a four-year, $575 million deal to televise baseball nationally. Also, Fox has local broadcasting agreements with thirty-two major-league teams and owners. See "Baseball Owners Approve Sale of Dodgers to Fox Group", at the Web site cited 15 March 1998.
12.
Tushar Atre, Kristine Auns, Kurt Badenhausen, Kevin McAuliffe, Christopher Nikolov , and Michael K. Ozanian, "Sports, Stocks, and Bonds", Financial World ( 20 May 1996), 53-64.
13.
Salt Lake City was ranked 19th, Charlotte 21st, Indianapolis 31st, and Raleigh- Durham-Chapel Hill 34th. For further details see Bob Hille, "TSN's Best Sports Cities", The Sporting News ( 30 June 1997), 14-23. The owner of the Houston Rockets, Les Alexander, has expressed an interest in Las Vegas for his two-time world champions. One of the fastest growing cities in the United States, Las Vegas could finance a new stadium with casino revenues. Even so, Las Vegas ranked 70th in The Sporting News's "TSN's Best Sports Cities".
14.
Roger G. Noll, "Attendance and Price Setting", in Roger G. Noll, ed., Government and the Sports Business ( Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1974), 124. In the statistical model, the total number of teams in major-league professional sports

-96-

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Relocating Teams and Expanding Leagues in Professional Sports: How the Major Leagues Respond to Market Conditions
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 11
  • Chapter 1 - Franchise Relocation, 1950 to 1977 17
  • Chapter 2 - Expansion Teams, 1950 to 1977 43
  • Notes 64
  • Chapter 3 - Franchise Relocation Since 1977 67
  • Notes 96
  • Chapter 4 - Expansion Teams Since 1977 101
  • Notes 130
  • Chapter 5 - Professional Teams Ranked by Sport 135
  • Notes 154
  • Chapter 6 - Alternative Leagues and Sports Facilities 157
  • Notes 169
  • Conclusion 173
  • Notes 180
  • Selected Bibliography 183
  • Index 203
  • About the Authors *
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