Relocating Teams and Expanding Leagues in Professional Sports: How the Major Leagues Respond to Market Conditions

By Frank P. Jozsa Jr.; John J. GuthrieJr. | Go to book overview

teams by permitting owners greater freedom to move to more promising sites, we concur with Burton's scenario of economic distress for the industry. 44


NOTES
1.
Charles C. Euchner, Playing the Field: Why Sports Teams Move and Cities Fight to Keep Them ( Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993), 104-130.
2.
Ibid.
3.
Ibid.
4.
See also Peter Richmond, Ballpark: Camden Yards and the Building of an American Dream ( Hamden, Conn.: Fireside Press, 1993).
5.
The history of women's basketball was found at various Web sites on the Internet. The history began in 1892 when gymnastics instructor Senda Berenson Abbott adapted James Naismith's basketball rules for women and introduced the game to her students at Smith College.
6.
See Ted Reed, "A Pro League of Their Own", Charlotte Observer ( 26 May 1997), 8D.
7.
To understand the strategies of the ABL and WNBA, see Roger Thurow, "Woman's Hoops Out-Glitzes Rival", Wall Street Journal ( 19 September 1997), B 12.
8.
See Marjo Rankin Bliss, "ABL Requests Contract Cutbacks", Charlotte Observer ( 16 August 1998), 2H; "One Year Wonder. ABL Shuts Down Long Beach Franchise After Successful First Season," at the Web site cited 27 August 1998; "ABL's Top-25 All-Time Attendance Marks," at the Worldwide Web site cited 29 August 1998; "American Basketball League Attendance Report (through Tuesday, February 17)," at cited 27 August 1998.
9.
See Erica Schacter, "WNBA Season: Hoops but No Skirts", Wall Street Journal ( 27 August 1997), A 10.
10.
For a profile of various players and a discussion of the viability of the WNBA, see John Leland, "Up in the Air", Newsweek ( 1 September 1997), 56-62.
11.
For an analysis of the WNBA's inaugural season see Ellen Alperstein, "WNBA's Rookie Season Is the Start of Something Big", Charlotte Observer ( 31 August 1997), 1G.
12.
Detroit and Washington were awarded the ninth and tenth WNBA franchises, which began play in the 1998-99 season. Detroit was one of the original markets targeted by the WNBA before its inaugural season, but officials with the Palace of Auburn Hills decided to wait and see how the league fared. Washington wanted one of the eight original franchises, but the league wanted to wait until a new uptown arena, which opened in December 1997, was ready.
13.
For the future growth of the WNBA see Chris Sheridan, "WNBA Goes to Detroit, Washington", Charlotte Observer ( 1 October 1997), 2B. See also "Join In. Deposits Secure ANBA Team for Minnesota," at cited 1 September 1998.
14.
See Cliff Mehrtens, "WNBA May Expand Next Year", Charlotte Observer (24 August 1997), 3H; Erica Schacter, "WNBA Season: Hoops but No Skirts", A10; Ted Reed , "A Pro League of Their Own", 8D; John Leland, "Up in the Air", 56-62; Editorial , "WNBA", Charlotte Observer ( 29 July 1998), 5B.
15.
For a preview of the ABL's 1998-99 season and why the league folded in December 1998 see Frederick Klein, "A Women's League Comes Into Its Own", Wall Street Journal ( 15 December 1998), A20. See also Cliff Mehrtens, "ABL Refugees Look to WNBA",

-169-

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Relocating Teams and Expanding Leagues in Professional Sports: How the Major Leagues Respond to Market Conditions
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 11
  • Chapter 1 - Franchise Relocation, 1950 to 1977 17
  • Chapter 2 - Expansion Teams, 1950 to 1977 43
  • Notes 64
  • Chapter 3 - Franchise Relocation Since 1977 67
  • Notes 96
  • Chapter 4 - Expansion Teams Since 1977 101
  • Notes 130
  • Chapter 5 - Professional Teams Ranked by Sport 135
  • Notes 154
  • Chapter 6 - Alternative Leagues and Sports Facilities 157
  • Notes 169
  • Conclusion 173
  • Notes 180
  • Selected Bibliography 183
  • Index 203
  • About the Authors *
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