Introductory Note. This condensed bibliography is designed to do two things: (1) It lists the chief available sources where one can find far more detailed bibliographies dealing with the main general topics covered in this volume than can be provided here. Books, other than pure bibliographies, particularly important for the broad scope of subject matter covered in their bibliography are indicated by an asterisk (*) before the title. (2) It seeks to list the most important books of a fairly comprehensive character that deal with the main topics indicated by the general subject headings of the chapters. Although relatively few books confined to the more specialized phases of these topics have been mentioned, an effort has been made to include the most important and a somewhat larger proportion of the more recent publications the titles of which might not be found in older bibliographical lists. For most monographs, journal articles, source material, and all works in foreign languages the other bibliographies referred to should be consulted.
To save frequent duplication in listing books, the bibliography has been divided into two main parts. The first part, following the chronological division in this volume, lists the books of a more general character significant for each period or for the history as a whole. The second part is divided topically under the general headings suggested by the subjects of most chapters and lists the books dealing primarily with these topics or some phase of them regardless of period. An exception is made in the case of topical studies important for only a brief period to which a special chapter is devoted, in which case it is generally listed under that period. Since many books do not fit into simple classifications, decision often has had to be arbitrary. The classification, although not exactly corresponding with the various chapter headings, approaches it closely enough so that for the purpose of easier reference the portions have been indicated where the material relating to each chapter will, for the most part, be found.
ECONOMIC HISTORY: ITS CHARACTER AND SIGNIFICANCE
For a very useful bibliography see E. E. Edwards, "References on Economic History as a Field of Research and Study," Department of Agriculture, Bibliographical Contribution 31, Washington, 1936. An excellent article on economic history is in "Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences," vol. 5. C. W. Wright, "The Nature and Objectives of Economic History," The Journal of Political Economy, vol. 46, somewhat expands the views presented in Chap. I of this volume. An article by R. H. Tawney, "The Study of Economic History," Economica, vol. 13, and a pamphlet of the same title by J. H. Clapham, Cambridge, 1929, both being inaugural lectures, well deserve reading.
There are many books dealing with the economic interpretation of history. The best discussions of the moderate viewpoint will be found in H. Sée, "The Economic Interpretation of History," New York, 1929, and a book of the same title by E. R. A. Seligman, New York, 1922, the latter including more of an historical account. Few of the books published in the endless controversy over the Marxian interpretation are free from bias. M. M. Bober, * "Karl Marx's Interpretation of History," Cambridge, 1927, is perhaps the most scholarly attempt to present and criticize Marx's views. Among other possible interpretations the