Report of the National Flood Relief Commission, 1931-1932

By China National Flood Relief Commission | Go to book overview

CHAPTER V
Farm Rehabilitation

I

Rehabilitation of farms, destroyed or damaged by the flood, was considered by the Commission as one of the most important phases of its work, to which only the repair of the dykes and emergency relief to flood refugees took precedence. It was the original plan of the Department of Field Operations to establish in each of the Provinces affected by the flood, a Farm Rehabilitation Bureau, each Bureau to establish a branch office in every hsien or in selected hsiens in accordance with the severity of the distress. Mutual Aid Societies were to be organized for the promotion of rural co-operation, and in time these societies were to be transformed into Co-operative Societies, to continue the work of rural improvement. Emergency relief was to be given in the form of grants. Farm rehabilitation, on the other hand, was to be effected by loans. These loans were to be repaid, and thus to constitute a revolving fund, enabling this branch of the work of the Commission to continue, after its other activities had ceased.

Due to difficulties of organization needed to put such a programme into execution and, in part, also to the scarcity of men capable of administering rural relief work on such a large scale, the Commission did not itself undertake farm rehabilitation but entrusted this work to other agencies, notably the China International Famine Relief Commission. The scope of the work was further

Allocation of Resources

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Report of the National Flood Relief Commission, 1931-1932
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Table of Contents v
  • Foreword xi
  • Chapter I - The Flood of 1931 1
  • Chapter II - Organization and Finance 11
  • Chapter III - Wheat and Its Distribution 24
  • Chapter IV - Emergency Relief and Inspectorate 63
  • Chapter V - Farm Rehabilitation 92
  • Chapter VI - Engineering and Labour Relief 104
  • Chapter VII - Hygiene and Sanitation 146
  • Chapter VIII - Conclusion 184
  • Appendices 197
  • Index 307
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