Report of the National Flood Relief Commission, 1931-1932

By China National Flood Relief Commission | Go to book overview

CHAPTER VI
Engineering and Labour Relief

I

It has long been recognized by students of social science that one of the worst effects of any serious national calamity is to be found in the inevitable lowered morale of the victims. A considerable portion of those affected secure help from other persons more fortunate than they by means of personal solicitation and, in time, they get into the habit of regarding charity as a means of livelihood. The existence of a large body of habitual beggars eventually becomes a serious burden on the community and, indeed, constitutes a menace to society when their number becomes unmanageable.

The flood of 1931 deprived millions of self-supporting and self-respecting farmers in Central China, at least temporarily, of their means of livelihood. One of the chief problems of the Commission was to plan and execute relief work so that the sufferers might be able to earn their own living, thus saving their self-respect, and at the same time restoring the productivity of their land. The extent and gravity of this disaster has already been described and it is scarcely necessary to mention it here. From the time of the creation of the Commission, there was general agreement that restoration of the dykes by refugee labour was to be the most important phase of the Commission's programme. These dykes are a pre-

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Report of the National Flood Relief Commission, 1931-1932
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Table of Contents v
  • Foreword xi
  • Chapter I - The Flood of 1931 1
  • Chapter II - Organization and Finance 11
  • Chapter III - Wheat and Its Distribution 24
  • Chapter IV - Emergency Relief and Inspectorate 63
  • Chapter V - Farm Rehabilitation 92
  • Chapter VI - Engineering and Labour Relief 104
  • Chapter VII - Hygiene and Sanitation 146
  • Chapter VIII - Conclusion 184
  • Appendices 197
  • Index 307
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