[I]f this low is carried out . . . I am afraid that it may break down our whole international trade program. -- Cordell Hull, 1936
[T]he Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Laws are two great liberal trade laws of the United States and indeed, of the international community! They are instruments for freer trade. -- Eugene T. Rossides, 1972
Curbing Executive Discretion in Unfair Trade Cases
Along with the escape clause, trade administrators emasculated other trade remedy statutes. Until the 1970s the executive branch avoided enforcement of "unfair" trade laws. Then an angry and frustrated Congress rewrote the statute and established a quasi-judicial process for adjudicating antidumping and countervailing duty petitions. The architects of this revolution were Russell Long (D-La.), chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, and Charles Vanik (D-Ohio), chairman of the House Ways and Means Subcommittee on International Trade. Determined to level the playing field for American business, they encouraged Congress to reassert its constitutional prerogative to regulate commerce while implementing the Tokyo Round multilateral trade agreements.