The Quest to Define Collegiate Desegregation: Black Colleges, Title VI Compliance, and Post-Adams Litigation

By M. Christopher Brown | Go to book overview

3
Desegregation Litigation Reborn

In the mid-1950s, the [ National Association for the Advancement of Colored People] defined desegregation as the personal right of a qualified applicant to be admitted on the same basis as any other applicant. The problem was individual, not institutional; it concerned particular state universities, not university systems; the Negro public colleges did not fit the legal equation at all.

Preer, 1982, p. 141


TITLE VI AFTER ADAMS

In 1990, the Supreme Court ruled in the Women's Equity Action League v. Cavazos ( 906 F.2d 743) litigation that although Congress could elect to provide for a private right of action under Title VI against the federal government, it had not proposed or passed such a provision. This ruling ended twenty years of federal monitoring of desegregation compliance. Additionally, the Women's Equity Action League ruling resulted in the dismissal of the Adams v. Richardson suit ( 356 F.Supp. 92 [ 1973]) seeking federal enforcement of higher education desegregation. However, the Women's Equity Action League ruling did not dismiss the federal mandate issued in Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that "no person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, or be denied the benefits of, or be sub

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The Quest to Define Collegiate Desegregation: Black Colleges, Title VI Compliance, and Post-Adams Litigation
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • An Introduction to the Quest xv
  • 1 - Black Colleges and Desegregation 1
  • 2 - The Unfinished Quest for Compliance 17
  • 3 - Desegregation Litigation Reborn 29
  • 4 - Legal Standards for Compliance 55
  • 5 - Challenges to Compliance 71
  • 6 - Defining Collegiate Desegregation 89
  • Afterword: Racial Balance Versus a Unitary System 107
  • Appendix A: Glossary of Legal Terms 115
  • Appendix B: A Note on Methodology 119
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 157
  • About the Author *
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