Unless otherwise indicated, all definitions used in this study were obtained from Black's Law Dictionary ( 1990).
Amicus curiae--"means, literally, friend of the court. A person with strong interest in or views on the subject matter of an action, but not a party of the action, may petition the court for permission to file a brief, ostensibly on behalf of a party but actually to suggest a rationale consistent with its own views" (p. 82).
Compliance--"submission; obedience; conformance" (p. 285).
Consent decree--"a decree entered in an equity suit on consent of both parties; it is not properly a judicial sentence, but is in the nature of a solemn contract or agreement of the parties, made under the sanction of the court, and in effect an admission by them that the decree is a just determination of their rights upon the real facts of the case, if such facts had been proved. It binds only the consenting parties; and is not binding upon the court" (p. 411).
De facto segregation--"segregation which is inadvertent and without assistance of school authorities and not caused by any state action, but rather by social, economic and other determinates" (p. 416).
De jure segregation--"generally refers to segregation directly intended or mandated by law or otherwise issuing from an official racial classification or in other words to segregation which has or had the sanction of law" (p. 425).