|Deletion of the's suffix marking the possessive, e.g., " John book" = "John's book."|
|Deletion of the's suffix marking the plural, e.g., "whole lotta song" = "a lot of songs."|
|Use of a pleonastic noun, e.g., " John, he live in New York" = "John lives in New York."|
Abrahams Roger D. 1977. Talking Black. Rowley, Mass.: Newbury House.
Allport F. H. 1924. Social Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Allport Gordon. 1954. The Nature of Prejudice. Reading, Mass.: AddisonWesley.
Anderson James. 1976. "Aunt Jemima in Dialectics: Genovese on Slave Culture". Journal of Negro History 61: 99.
Anderson Johana Gast. 1979. More Twentieth Century Dolls from Bisque to Vinyl. Des Moines: Wallace Homestead Book Company.
Andrews Benny. 1975. "Jemimas, Mysticism, and Mojos: The Art of Betye Saar". Encore American and Worldwide, March 17, p. 30.
Angelou Maya. 1981. "Song for the Old Ones". In Maya Anyelou: Poems. New York: Bantam Books.
Assael Henry. 1987. Consumer Behavior and Marketing Action. Boston: Kent Publishing Company.
Atwan Robert, Donald McQuade, and John W. Wright. 1979. Edsels, Luckies and Frigidaires. Advertising the American Way. New York: Dell Publishing Company.
"Aunt Jemima of Pancake Box Fame Dies at 76". 1981. Knoxville ( Tenn.) NewsSentinel, April 2, p. 9.
"Aunt Jemima Trademark to Be Updated". 1989. Press release issued by the Quaker Oats Company, Chicago, April 27.
Barnett Marquerite Ross. 1982. "Nostalgia as Nightmare: Blacks and American Popular Culture". The Crisis, (February): 42.
Berry Jon. "Marketers Reach Out to Blacks". Chicago Tribune, May 12, 1991, p. 9A.
The Black Mammy Monument. 1923. New York Age, January 6, p. 4.
Bogle Donald. 1973. Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies and Bucks. New York: Viking.