Fernand Lungren ( 1857-1932), an influential artist and teacher, moved to Santa Barbara in 1907 and became one of the art colony's most popular painters. Lungren a co-founder of the Santa Barbara School of the Arts in 1920, was born in Hagerstown, Maryland. He studied in Cincinnati, New York City, and Philadelphia before going to Santa Barbara and devoting much of his time to sketching and painting desert scenes.
DeWitt Parshall ( 1864-1956), noted for his landscape scenes of the American West, studied in Paris in the late 1880s and early 1890s. Originally from Buffalo, New York, Parshall studied in the mid-1880s in Paris and established a studio in New York City in 1899. He moved permanently to Santa Barbara just after the turn of the century. Parshall's son, Douglas Ewell Parshall ( 1899-1990), was a painter, illustrator and teacher who also lived and worked in Santa Barbara.