Anti-Semitism and the Holocaust
This chapter departs in many respects from the structure of the book. It centers on a single social factor, anti-Semitism, and offers a rather detailed political narrative at its outcome. However, the basic differences between western and East-Central anti-Semitism and the Holocaust provide a striking and tragic illustration of the main subject of the book, the consequences of the separation of the two regions. It also fits to follow the previous chapter, for, as Istvan Deak aptly remarks in his excellent essay: "The history of the Right in Hungary between the two world wars is the whole chronicle of Hungary at that time, for between 1919 and 1944, Hungary was a rightist country" ( Deak 1966, 364). We can add to his statement Poland and Rumania as well.
* * *
The five hundred-year division of Europe is strikingly evident in the differing history of anti-Semitism in the two regions. It determined decisively the fate of the Jews and put its distinctive stamp on the Holocaust. We can keep relatively short the well-known