Implementing State Government Export Programs

By Michael Frazier | Go to book overview

Appendix B: Important Research in the Implementation Literature

Ernest R. Alexander. Essential factors for this scholar include: stimulus, policy, program implementation, and contextual, organizational, environmental, and perceptual variables.

Susan Barnett. Primarily interested in the bargaining structure of policy implementation.

Paul Berman. Important factors of policy implementation depend on context (organizational, political, social, and legal). Also critical to implementation are: clarity of policy goals, number of actors participating, implementors' degree of resistance, ineffectualness, or inefficiency, and the implementation degree of control exerted from the top.

Angela Brown and Aaron Wildavsky. Emphasize the significant factors of formal policy (clarity of objectives and priorities, validity of theory of causality, sufficiency of financial resources, sufficiency of power), and learning adaption.

Charles Bullock. Focuses attention on the clarity of statutory standards or objectives, degree of agency support, and the presence or absence of programmatic bias favoring the agency's sovereignty.

Anthony Downs. Concerned with goal consensus, recruitment, indoctrination, and communications in bureaus, and with control, hierarchical structure.

Richard F. Elmore. Examines the structure of power relationships and incentives, discretion, and resources in policy implementation.

Leonard Goodwin and Phyllis Moen. Place strong emphasis on a sound technical theory, constituency support, social economic environment, and learning.

Benny Hjern. Highlights the importance of the relationship between cumulativeness and policy relevant research, to affect implementation interorganizational structuring.

Fred Lazin. Stresses the relevancy of strong administrative linkage in policy implementation.

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Implementing State Government Export Programs
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Figures ix
  • Preface xiii
  • Acknowledgments xv
  • Introduction xvii
  • State Export Agencies: Implementation Factors and Analytical Concerns 1
  • 5 Implementing State Government Export Programs: A Comparative Analysis 125
  • Appendix A: List of Interviewees 183
  • Appendix B: Important Research in the Implementation Literature 187
  • Bibliography 191
  • Index 203
  • About the Author *
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