Cogent Communication: Overcoming Reading Overload

By Charles L. Bernier; A. Neil Yerkey | Go to book overview

12 The Research and Development Helix

Research is a reliable and fairly systematic way of finding the truth. Development is a reasoned way of putting research results to use. Research and development (R&D) can be modeled as a helix (coil spring) in time; loops are not cycles that are repeated; progress is made with each loop or turn of the helix. Robert Good pictures in his feedback model for the process of scientific research ( 1978) a double helix of differenthandedness. The helixes represent experimental and theoretical procedures used in R&D. Feedback through comparators against reference standards confirm or deny progress and indicate further action. Whether there are two or more helixes or only one is immaterial in the following presentation because we are concerned here only with the efficient supply of data into a helical model.

All R&D is based upon earlier work and knowledge. The earlier work is seen in the form of apparatus, designs, devices, processes, and so on, and as library material: articles, hand- books, journals, patents, reports, reviews, and so forth. The knowledge comes from the experiments and experiences of those engaged in R&D. The alternative to basing R&D upon earlier work and knowledge is to guess and gamble, and to start from scratch each time. Little progress could be made if everything had to be done without building upon what is known. Starting R&D without the benefit of earlier work and

-129-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Cogent Communication: Overcoming Reading Overload
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Contributions in Librarianship and Information Science ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures vii
  • Introduction ix
  • 1 3
  • 2 - Problems of Information Science 18
  • 3 - Reading Overload Awareness 31
  • 4 - Overcoming Reading Overload 45
  • 5 - Indexing 57
  • 6 - Condensed Surrogates 64
  • 7 - Organization of Surrogates 81
  • 8 - Selective Dissemination of Surrogates 92
  • 9 - Assimilating, Remembering, and Integrating 99
  • 10 - Complex Terse Literatures and Ultraterse Literatures 109
  • 11 - Message Diffusion 118
  • 12 - The Research and Development Helix 129
  • 13 - Access 140
  • 14 - The Psychological Basis for Cogency 149
  • 15 - The Source in Cogency 167
  • 16 - The Message in Cogency 180
  • 17 - The Receiver in Cogency 196
  • 18 - Reading and Doing 208
  • Appendix: Collectanea of Terse Conclusions 221
  • Bibliography 243
  • Index 255
  • About the Authors 281
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 286

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.