Criminal procedure, faithful handmaiden of criminal law, is often dreaded by students who regard it solely as a collection of forbidding provisions. The complexity and minutiae of its rules discourage comparative research by specialists, who often remain on the level of the purely technical, which in no way facilitates an in-depth understanding of the subject matter. How often writers take delight in ridiculing its quibbles and its quibblers!
However, "the code of honest people," as some have called the code of criminal procedure, in contrast to the penal code made for criminals, deserves a more just appreciation. It is one of Professor Ingraham's achievements to have elevated criminal procedure by providing it with a conceptual framework which makes it possible to take a view of the whole of this domain and to restore to its study the scientific temper which people tend to misunderstand.
Having posed as his hypothesis that there is a fundamental underlying structure to every procedural system and having created an analytical grid which takes account of the different tasks of criminal procedure, the author undertakes to test this model by comparing the criminal procedures of four nations which are notably different from one another and are representatives of major legal systems. What better test could one imagine?
I would like to mention here the essential points of the author's