Dwight D. Eisenhower: Soldier, President, Statesman

By Joann P. Krieg | Go to book overview

12
Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Foreign Policymaking Process

J. Philipp Rosenberg

During the past few years, there has been a reevaluation of the Eisenhower presidency. Led by Fred Greenstein, scholars have discovered a new, more active Eisenhower whose activism had been concealed from public view by his "hidden-handed" style of leadership. 1 This reevaluation has touched on Eisenhower's foreign as well as domestic policy, shattering the image of a domineering John Foster Dulles making foreign policy with the acquiescence of a deferential Eisenhower. 2 As a result of this process, scholars are looking more closely at Eisenhower's foreign policy beliefs in attempts to link them to foreign policy results. This chapter is an attempt to do just that. But first, a few words about beliefs.

Beliefs do not determine actions. A comprehensive knowledge of Eisenhower's belief system is not sufficient to explain his foreign policy actions. Beliefs do, however, affect the process by acting as a filter through which incoming information is processed, so that certain aspects of the informational flow are emphasized at the expense of others. Thus, beliefs can be viewed as guiding the discussion of a given situation by highlighting the salient aspects of the situation, as perceived by the decision-maker. This, in turn, will affect the generation and viability of the various possible solutions to the problem. 3


BELIEF SYSTEM: ITS CONCEPTUALIZATION

Numerous attempts have been made to conceptualize the structure of the belief system. One of the most valid conceptualizations of a belief system, that by Milton Rokeach, is composed of three concentric circles. 4 According to this conceptualization, beliefs are distributed along a central-peripheral dimension in which the less centralized beliefs are derived from the more central ones, lending

-117-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Dwight D. Eisenhower: Soldier, President, Statesman
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 370

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.