Kids Raised by the Government

By Ira M. Schwartz; Gideon Fishman | Go to book overview

booming economy does not seem to be able to help them economically. In addition, many of these families are heavily impacted by drugs, crime and criminality, and deteriorating living conditions in urban neighborhoods.

In light of this, it is understandable why Senator Moynihan and other students of child welfare reforms and the condition of families in America were skeptical about the potential impact of a progressive sounding, but limited, intervention like family preservation. Any attempt to change the behavior of families that does not really address the underlying and fundamental causes that make these families so weak in the first place is doomed to failure. Also, as Besharov and Laumann ( 1997) noted, "Society should acknowledge the overlap between child maltreatment and poverty -- and adopt intervention strategies that address the families' broader problems" (p. 5). Perhaps if family preservation services were delivered as part of a much broader and more comprehensive social and economic strategy to combat poverty and other related problems confronting inner-city neighborhoods they might have more of a positive impact. As an isolated program, coupled with the fact that we know very little about which families might be amenable to such an intervention, they have had little value and are unlikely to make a significant difference in the future.


REFERENCES

Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980, 42 U.S.C. p. 670.

Barthel J. ( 1991). The promise of family preservation. New York: Edna McConnell Clark Foundation.

Bergquist C.; Pope G.; and Corliss K. ( 1995). Evaluation of Michigan's families first program summary report. Lansing, MI: University Associates.

Besharov D. J. and Laumann L. A. ( 1997). Don't call it child abuse if it's really poverty. Journal of Children and Poverty, 3(1), 5-36.

Bond C. S., and Rockefeller J. D., IV. ( 1993, March 3). Family preservation and child protection reform (CPR). Correspondence to U.S. Senators. Washington,DC.

Children's Defense Fund. ( 1991). S.4, The Child Welfare and Preventive Services Act. Washington, DC: Author.

Courtney M. E. ( 1997). Review of Putting Families First. Children and Youth Services Review, 19, 61-76

Davis M.; Yelton S.; Katz-Leavy J.; and Lourie I. S. ( 1995). Unclaimed children revisited: The status of state children's mental health service systems. Journal of Mental Health Administration, 22(2), 147-66.

Engler J. M. ( 1992). To strengthen Michigan families. Lansing, MI: Department of Social Services.

Gelles R. J. ( 1996). The book of David. New York: Basic Books.

Goerge R. M.; Wulczyn F. H.; and Harden A. W. ( 1995). An update from the multistate foster care data archive: Foster care dynamics 1983-1993. Chicago: The Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago.

Karger H .J., and Stoesz D. ( 1997). Learning from family preservation. Children and Youth Services Review, 19, 1-4.

Knitzer J. E. ( 1981). Child welfare: The role of federal policies. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 10(1), 3-7.

Knitzer J. ( 1982). Childrens rights in the family and society: Dilemmas and realities.

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Kids Raised by the Government
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 3
  • Contents 5
  • List of Tables and Figures 7
  • Preface 9
  • Acknowledgments 13
  • Chapter 1 - A Wake-Up Call for the Child Welfare System 15
  • References 34
  • Chapter 2 - Child Welfare Reform: An Elusive Goal 37
  • References 49
  • Chapter 3 - The Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act: Good Intentions Gone Awry 53
  • References 68
  • Chapter 4 - Adopted: Who is and Who Isn't? 71
  • References 85
  • Chapter 5 - Child Welfare and Delinquency: Between Compassion and Control 87
  • References 101
  • Chapter 6 - The Role of Residential Care 103
  • References 115
  • Chapter 7 - Public Policy and Child Welfare: Agenda for the 21st Century 117
  • References 142
  • Index 145
  • About the Authors *
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