Kids Raised by the Government

By Ira M. Schwartz; Gideon Fishman | Go to book overview

p. 163). We are not quite as confident as Gelles about the merits of long-term group or congregate care living arrangements for abused and neglected children. We would have to see some hard and compelling evidence about this approach before we could support it. Accordingly, we believe that policymakers and professionals would be well advised to find permanent family homes for these children and should be certain that this and other alternatives have been fully exhausted before considering institutional living arrangements. Also, if there is a need for some foster families to provide long-term care rather than temporary care, they should be recruited with that purpose in mind and provided with adequate long-term support and resources. With such support, long-term foster care could be a reasonable and viable alternative when reunification or adoption is not possible ( Fein and Maluccio, 1992).

Given the successful "permanence" of these nonpermanent placements, we wonder whether it might not be possible for more of these children to become better candidates for reunification, placement with relatives, legal guardianship, or adoption. If not, then policy makers and professionals will have to face the fact that a large proportion of children placed into substitute care will essentially be the permanent responsibility of the government. This reality also has serious implications that need to be carefully examined because long-term foster care was never envisioned to be an option for achieving permanency.


REFERENCES

Barth R. P., and Berry M. ( 1987). Outcomes of child welfare services under permanency planning. Social Service Review, 61(1), 71-90.

Barth R. P., Courtney M.; Berrick J. D.; and Albeit V. ( 1994). From child abuse to permanency planning. New York: Aldine de Gruyter

Block N. ( 1981, November). Toward reducing recidivism. Child Welfare, 60(9), 597- 610

Courtney M. ( 1995). Re-entry to foster-care of children returned to their families. Social Service Review, 69, 226-41

Craig, Donna, and Herbert D. ( 1997). The state of the children: An examination of government-run foster care National Center for Policy Analysis

Edna McConnell Clark Foundation. (No date). Making reasonable efforts: Steps for keeping families together. New York: Author

Fein E., and Maluccio A. N. ( 1992). Permanency planning: Another remedy in jeopardy Social Service Review, 66(3), 335-48

Fein E., and Staff I. ( 1993, January). Last best chance: Findings from a reunification services program. Child Welfare, 72(1), 25-37

Gelles R. J. ( 1996). The book of David. New York: Basic Books

Goerge R. M. ( 1990, September). The reunification process in substitute care. Social Service Review, 64(3), 422-57

Goerge R. M.; Wulczyn F. H.; and Harden A. ( 1994). Foster care dynamics 1983-1992: A report from the multistate foster care data archive. Chicago: The Chapin Hall Center for Children, University of Chicago

Green Book. ( 1993). Implementation and effects of foster care reforms. Background material and data on major programs within the jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

-68-

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Kids Raised by the Government
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 3
  • Contents 5
  • List of Tables and Figures 7
  • Preface 9
  • Acknowledgments 13
  • Chapter 1 - A Wake-Up Call for the Child Welfare System 15
  • References 34
  • Chapter 2 - Child Welfare Reform: An Elusive Goal 37
  • References 49
  • Chapter 3 - The Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act: Good Intentions Gone Awry 53
  • References 68
  • Chapter 4 - Adopted: Who is and Who Isn't? 71
  • References 85
  • Chapter 5 - Child Welfare and Delinquency: Between Compassion and Control 87
  • References 101
  • Chapter 6 - The Role of Residential Care 103
  • References 115
  • Chapter 7 - Public Policy and Child Welfare: Agenda for the 21st Century 117
  • References 142
  • Index 145
  • About the Authors *
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