Economic Development Programs for Cities, Counties, and Towns

By John M. Levy | Go to book overview

10
Development Planning

Few economic developers will be called upon to do detailed site planning. 1 That is work done most commonly by planning or engineering consultants. However, the economic developer sometimes does, and more often should, participate in the community's overall planning process. This chapter is provided as background for such participation.

A primary goal of the economic developer is to assure that an adequate supply of land is set aside for industrial and commercial development in the foreseeable future. It is also important to assure that land-use controls are reasonable and that land-use plans do not contain within them the seeds of future opposition to commercial and industrial development.

The three planning instruments to which the economic developer should pay particular attention are the master plan, the zoning ordinance, and the long-term capital budget. 2 The master plan lays out the overall pattern of land uses and infrastructure development. It shows where the main blocks of residential, commercial, and industrial land will be, as well as the overall pattern of roads, infrastructure such as water and sewer lines, and public facilities. It is the long-term vision of the physical future of the municipality.

The zoning ordinance and the map that accompanies it show the type and the intensity of development permitted on every parcel of land in the municipality. It specifies type of use, coverage ratios, setbacks, maximum building heights, parking requirements, and the like.

In a competently done planning process the master plan and the zoning ordinance are closely related. The ordinance is a detailed expression of the broader vision expressed in the master plan.

The long-term capital budget is the schedule by which the municipality

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Economic Development Programs for Cities, Counties, and Towns
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Tables ix
  • Preface xi
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - The Political Context of Economic Development 11
  • 3 - Organization and Personnel 19
  • 4 - Recent Economic Changes 25
  • 5 - The Role of the States 39
  • 6 - What Does and Does Not Work 47
  • Notes 61
  • 7 - Reasonable Expectations 63
  • 8 - Public Relations, Advertising, and Marketing 67
  • 9 - Assessing Economic Development Potential 83
  • 10 - Development Planning 103
  • 11 - Development Financing 117
  • 12 - Labor Market and Fiscal Impacts 131
  • 13 - Local Economic Development in the National Picture 151
  • Appendix. Economics for the Economic Developer 165
  • Bibliography 169
  • Index 171
  • About the Author 175
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