YOUNG DEMOCRATS OF AMERICA . The Young Democratic Clubs were founded by James Farley, who was the DNC chairman during the Roosevelt administration, to attract young people to the Democratic Party. In 1975 the organization changed its name to the Young Democrats of America. In the 1960s the clubs were very supportive of Eugene McCarthy, Robert Kennedy, and the anti--Vietnam War movement. They also advocated gay rights, the legalization of marijuana, and legal abortion in that period. Many of those positions were not favored by the senior Democratic Party activists.
The Young Democrats of America are entitled to two seats on the Democratic National Committee. The organization receives support from the DNC but is not controlled by the DNC. Many members of Congress and members of the Democratic National Committee had been active in the Young Democrats of America. The organization restricts membership to those 35 years old and younger. The organization maintains that the organization: "Seeks to encourage young men and women to take an active part in politics and become members of the Democratic party." See:DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL COMMITTEE.
Reference: Paul Allen Beck, Party Politics in America, 8th ed. ( New York: Longman, 1997).
YOUNG REPUBLICAN NATIONAL FEDERATION . This auxiliary organization of the Republican National Committee was founded in 1931 by Robert H. Lucas, who was the Executive Director of the RNC. There are local chapters throughout the country, and there is often a state federation of Young Republicans. The organization serves as a starting point for young Republican activists. Like the Young Democrats of America of the 1960s, which was more liberal