Managing Colleges and Universities: Issues for Leadership

By Allan M. Hoffman; Randal W. Summers | Go to book overview

atively ( Mintzberg 1989). The practitioner needs to accept that organizational behaviors are not controllable and that organizational reality is a social construction. Old methods such as negative, personal politics, monolithic solutions, grand-scale innovations, and managerial isolation ( Fullan 1991) are what need to change. Recognition of differences in organizational cultures, in organizational forms, and in situations might indicate that organizations are not only socially constructed but also environments that need to be infused with human spirit ( Mintzberg 1989) and managed through intimate, not superficial, knowledge as well in accord with the values and beliefs of its members. The supreme dilemma for the practitioner is how to adjust to changing conditions and yet preserve institutional and individual values.

There are no recipes and no prescriptions that will suffice to aid the practitioner in managing change. But, understanding the institution as a human environment might enable practitioners to be ready to manage change.


REFERENCES

Adams Hazard. 1976. The Academic Tribes. New York: Liveright.

Anderson Walter. 1990. Reality Isn't What It Used To Be. San Francisco: Harper & Row.

Baldridge J. Victor; Curtis David; Ecker George; and Riley Gary. 1978. Alternative Models of Governance in Higher Education. In Gary Riley and J. Victor Baldridge , eds., Governing Academic Organizations, 2-25. Berkeley: McCutchan.

Bandura A. 1988 Social Cognitive Theory. Australian Journal of Management 13, 275-302.

Bensimon Estella; Neumann Anna; and Birnbaum Robert. 1989. Making Sense of Administrative Leadership. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

Bergquist William. 1992. The Post Modern Organization: Mastering the Art of Irreversible Change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bergquist William. 1993. The Four Cultures of the Academy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Birnbaum Robert. 1992. How Academic Leadership Works. San Francisco: Jossey- Bass.

Bolman Lee and Deal Terrence. 1985. Modern Approaches to Understanding and Managing Organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cameron Kim. 1984. Organizational Adaptation and Higher Education. The Journal of Higher Education 55, 122-144.

Chaffee Ellen and Tierney William. 1988. Collegiate Culture and Leadership Strategies. New York: American Council on Education and Macmillan.

Chronicle of Higher Education, April 21, 1995; and April 28, 1995.

Clark Burton. 1987. The Academic Life: Small Worlds, Different Worlds. Princeton, NJ: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.

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