Managing Colleges and Universities: Issues for Leadership

By Allan M. Hoffman; Randal W. Summers | Go to book overview

9
Student Development: Its Place in the Academy

Denise C. Ottinger


INTRODUCTION

The notion that there is more to a collegiate education than classroom learning has long been recognized. The emergence of student personnel as a profession became more and more evident as colleges and universities evolved. As the role of the United States in world events changed, the importance of advanced education increased. As colleges and universities grew, so, too, did the needs and expectations of students. As a result, specialized services emerged to address these new demands and developed, over time, into full-fledged divisions of student affairs.

In this chapter, there will be an effort made to encapsulate the emergence of student affairs as a prominent player within the college/university environment. First, an historical overview of the student personnel movement will be provided. A discussion will follow about the concept of student development and its role in the college environment. Third, information will be provided about organizational development and planning issues in an age where consumer expectations and the notion of continuous quality improvement are regular topics of conversation. Finally, leadership and management issues for the student affairs practitioner will be addressed.


HISTORICAL OVERVIEW

In early America, the first colleges to emerge were colonial-based and were influenced greatly by religious missions. Because of the focus on re-

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