celebrations took place in Mexico City and elsewhere in the country in recognition of the symbolic defeat of the PRI. Before long, pundits and politicians, including President Zedillo, sounded the death knell of the PRI. Zedillo stated that "after these elections, no one can ever again refer to the PRI as the only party, the state party or an appendage of the government." 14 Others responded to the PRD victory in a more cynical fashion. When asked about his view of the 1997 elections, one cabdriver in Guadalajara responded by saying, "es mucho teatro" (it's much theater).

Zedillo's dire predictions were reinforced in the 1998 gubernatorial election in the northern state of Zacatecas in which the PRI lost to the rival PRD. The PRI, however, remains a powerful presence in Mexico's political infrastructure; its seven-decade period of dominance means it will be difficult to dislodge. Clearly it must operate in a more open, honest manner because the electorate has demonstrated a willingness to consider rival parties.

Poised on the eve of the next century Mexico's government faces ageold problems, always in the context of the status of the revolution and its goals. Even Presidents Salinas and Zedillo have spoken of the end of the revolutionary experiment. Their free market economic policies are one indication of this trend. Moreover, the opportunity for opposition parties to participate in the political arena augurs well for the nation's goals of democratization.


NOTES
1
Carlos Fuentes, A New Time for Mexico ( New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1996), 75.
2
Elena Poniatowski, Massacre in Mexico( Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1975).
3
Octavo Paz, quoted in Elena Poniatowska, Massacre in Mexico ( Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1975), xvi.
4
Barry Carr, "The Fate of the Vanguard under a Revolutionary State: Marxism's Contribution to the Construction of the Great Arch," in Everyday Forms of State Formation: Revolution and the Negotiation of Rule in Modern Mexico, ed. Gilbert M. Joseph and Daniel Nugent ( Durham: Duke University Press, 1994), 345.
5
Dan La Botz, Democracy in Mexico: Peasant Rebellion and Political Reform ( Boston: South End Press, 1995), 59.
6
Peter Smith, "Mexico since 1946," in Mexico since Independence, ed. Leslie Bethell ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), 370-371.

-213-

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The History of Mexico
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Advisory Board ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Series Foreword vii
  • Preface xi
  • Timeline of Historical Events xiii
  • 1 - Mexico Today 1
  • 2 - Mexico's Early Inhabitants 13
  • Notes 30
  • 3 - The Conquest 31
  • Notes 46
  • 4 - The Colonial Era, 1521-1821 47
  • Notes 72
  • 5 - The Wars of Mexican Independence, 1808-1821 75
  • Notes 88
  • 6 - The Aftermath of Independence, 1821-1876 89
  • Notes 110
  • 7 - The Porfiriato, 1876-1911 113
  • Notes 128
  • 8 - The Mexican Revolution, 1910-1920 131
  • Notes 153
  • 9 - Consolidation of the Revolution 155
  • Notes 172
  • 10 - The Revolution Moves to the Right, 1940-1970 175
  • Notes 191
  • 11 - The Search for Stability, 1970-1999 193
  • Notes 213
  • Notable People in the History of Mexico 215
  • Bibliographic Essay 227
  • Index 235
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