Transfer of Authority
The Socialization Model of practice we have presented in this book was initially conceived as a theoretical model useful in explaining persistent problems encountered in social work. These problems included such phenomena as high drop-out rates, client resistance to help, and failure to resolve the problems of clients. It is obvious that these problems also arise in the other helping professions such as medicine, law and education.
All professions have the same Achilles' heel as social work. Medicine, law, education, religion, and other professions are all confronted with the need to gain legitimacy for the use of their technology from each help-seeker. Since each of these professions functions within our democratic value system, they must obtain that legitimation without coercion or seduction. Thus, all professions must go through a process with help-seekers that includes the phases (applicant, novitiate, client) described in this book. Otherwise, their efforts to help people solve their problems will be doomed to fail.
The Socialization Model, which describes how authority is transferred between strangers is also applicable to other fields where there are dyads of help-seekers and service-providers: voters and politicians, enlisted men and officers, and teenagers