Popular Culture, Schooling, and Everyday Life

By Henry A. Giroux; Roger I. Simon | Go to book overview

pedagogy for change is to aid students in establishing action guides where none exist. The strength of transformative media education lies in its ability to demonstrate that the meanings we construct and the ways we negotiate their construction cannot be separated from the skills necessary to review and restructure the systems in which we participate.


NOTES
1.
"Form" refers to ways of structuring the filmed material (such as narrative, topical, or argumentative structures); "style" refers to the ways the film includes some stylistic elements available to filmmakers (such as voice-over narration, animated graphics, types of camera movements).
2.
My work with educational dramatizations is part of a larger research project on the form, style, and ideology of educational films. I have analyzed sixty educational dramatizations as part of that research. The films sampled were produced between 1930 and 1970 and are located at the American Archives of the Factual Film at Iowa State University. I chose that period because it represents the time during which the aesthetic and ideological characteristics of educational dramatizations became similar and stable across films, before significant changes in industrial practices and norms began to take place. I selected seven study films representative of the range of forms and styles apparent in the larger sample and performed close shot-by-shot analyses of each. Those were: Film Tactics ( 1945); School Bus Patrol ( 1963); Atom Smashers ( 1952); Social Sex Affitudes in Adolescence ( 1952); Using Visual Aids in Training ( 1947); A Day at the Fair ( 1947); and Miracle in Paradise Valley ( 1947).

REFERENCES

Apple M. ( 1982) Education and Power. London: ARK Paperbacks.

Bordwell D., J. Staiger, and K. Thompson ( 1985) The Classical Hollywood Cinema: Film Style and Mode of Production to 1960. New York: Columbia University Press.

Cook R, ed. ( 1985) The Cinema Book. New York: Pantheon.

Dahlgren P. ( 1985) "The Modes of Reception: For a Hermeneutics of TV News." In P. Drummond and R. Paterson. Television in Transition. London: British Film Institute.

de M. Certeau ( 1984) The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Ellsworth E. ( 1987a) "Fiction as Proof: Critical Analysis of the Form, Style, and Ideology of Educational Dramatization Films." Paper presented at the Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division. Atlanta.

( 1987b) "Educational Films Against Critical Pedagogy." Journal of Education ( Boston University) 169(3): 32-47.

( 1986) "Interpretation Is a Social and Political Act." Journal of Visual and Verbal Languaging 6(2): 23-29.

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