State Building and Democratization in Africa: Faith, Hope, and Realities

By Kidane Mengisteab; Cyril Daddieh | Go to book overview

mains a relevant question, as political interests with vast resources and strong foreign connections and support are retreating into their ethnic and regional bases. At the moment, it would appear that only democratic forces, learning from their mistakes and drawing lessons from experiences in other societies, are capable of providing a new basis for democratic politics and nation building.


NOTES

Research in Nigeria for this project was sponsored by the Aspen Institute, the American Philosophical Society, and the National Endowment for the Humanities.

1
See Toyin Falola, ed., Nigeria and Britain: Exploitation or Development? ( London: Zed Press, 1987); Claude Ake, ed., Political Economy of Nigeria ( London: Longman, 1985); Okoi Arikpo, The Development of Modern Nigeria ( Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968); R. O. Ekundare, An Economic History of Nigeria ( London: Methuen, 1973).
2
See Julius O. Ihonvbere, Nigeria: The Politics of Adjustment and Democracy ( New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1994).
3
Interview with a member of the Campaign for Democracy (CD), CD Secretariat, Imaria Street, Lagos, Nigeria, November 1993.
4
Interview, Lagos, Nigeria, July 1993.
5
See Julius O. Ihonvbere, "The Military and Political Engineering under Structural, Adjustment: The Nigerian Experience since 1985", Journal of Political and Military Sociology 20 (Summer 1990).
6
See Pita O. Agbese, "Sanitizing Democracy in Nigeria", TransAfrica Forum 9, no. 1 (Spring 1992); Babafemi Ojudu, "As in the Beginning . . . Money and Ethnic Loyalties Manifest in Third Republic Politicking", African Concord (Lagos), 6 August 1990.
7
Campaign for Democracy, "Breaking a Vicious Circle," text of press statement, Nigerian Union of Journalists Lighthouse, Victoria Island, Lagos, 24 November 1992. "419" refers to section 419 of the Nigerian Criminal Code, which deals with obtaining money from others under false pretenses.
8
Campaign for Democracy, "Breaking a Vicious Circle."
9
Paul Adams, "Babangida's Boondoggle", Africa Report ( July-August 1993): 28.
10
The lawyers were usually able to challenge the state because they were mostly self-employed in private practice. This contrasts with public employees, including academics who could be sacked at any time for merely expressing an opinion anywhere. As well, because the lawyers usually worked together, getting a colleague to represent a fellow lawyer for no fee was relatively easy, unlike other public servants, who would have to retain the services of a lawyer to fight the state.
11
Nigerian Bar Association, Ikeja Branch, Press Release, 20 May 1992.
12
See Ayo Olarenwaji, The Bar and the Bench in Defence of Rule of Law in Nigeria (Lagos: Nigerian Law Publications, 1992).
13
Committee for the Defense of Human Rights, 1993 Annual Report: Human Rights Situation in Nigeria (Lagos: CDHR Secretariat, 1993), 17.
14
Committee for the Defense of Human Rights, 1993 Annual Report, 17.
15
Africa Watch, Nigeria: Threats to a New Democracy -- Human Rights Concerns at Election Time 5, no. 9 ( June 1993): 7.
16
Committee for the Defense of Human Rights, 1993 Annual Report, 13.

-123-

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