The Germanic Mosaic: Cultural and Linguistic Diversity in Society

By Carol Aisha Blackshire-Belay | Go to book overview

NOTES
1
See Hermann Nottarp, Gottesurteile ( Munich, 1956), 15-17; see also Jean Gaudemet , "Les ordalies au Moyen Age: Doctrine, Législation et pratiques canoniques", Recueils de la Société Jean Bodin, 17 ( 1965): 99-135, 100, 101-102, 107; Raoul van Caenegem, "La Preuve dans le droit du moyen âge occidental",691-753, 695-696.
2
"Raoul C. van Caenegem, Methods of Proof in Western Medieval Law", Mededelingen von de Koninklijke Academie voor Wetenschappen, Letteren en Schone Kunsten von Belgie, Klasse der Letteren, Jahrgang 45 (No. 3, Brussels, 1983), 85-125, 97. See also Colin Morris, "Judicium Dei: The social and political significance of the ordeal in the eleventh century", Church Society and Politics: Papers Read at the Thirteenth Summer Meeting and the Fourteenth Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society, ed. Derek Baker ( Oxford, 1975), 95-111, 97. See also Robert Bartlett, Trial by Fire and Water: The Medieval Judicial Ordeal ( Oxford, 1986), 34-69.
3
R. Van Caenegem, "Methods of Proof", 91; Rebecca V. Colman, "Reason and Unreason in Early Medieval Law", Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 4 (Spring 1974): 571-91, 583, 585. There seems to be some disagreement on this point based on the registry of Varad, a Hungarian town whose registry of ordeals has been preserved. Here minor problems such as debt and cattle ownership also occasioned ordeals, along with serious crimes. See I. Zajtay, "Le registre de Varad. Un Monument judiciaire du début du XIIIème siécle", Nouvelle revue historique de droit français et étrange, 32 ( 1954): 527-562. See also Peter Brown, Society and the Holy in Late Antiqûity, "Society and the Supernatural: A Medieval Change", 133-51, 307-8, 311. See also Colman, "Reason and Unreason", 578, where she notes that even early laws tend to prefer investigation first.
4
See Brown, "Society and the Supernatural", 316-317.
5
van Caenegem, "Methods of Proof", 95.
6
James Brundage, Law, Sex and Christian Society in Medieval Europe ( Chicago, 1987), 223-224.
7
See Deutsche Rechtsgeschichte by Heinrich Brunner ( Leipzig, 1887), 1: 259-260. For a more recent concurring opinion, see Robin Chapman Stacey, "Law and Order in the Very Old West: England and Ireland in the Early Middle Ages", to be published in Crossed Paths, Penn State Proceedings in Medieval Studies, vol. 1.
8
See Richard M. Fraher, "Preventing Crime in the High Middle Ages: The Medieval Lawyers' Search for Deterrence", Popes, Teachers and Canon Law in the Middle Ages, ed. James Ross Sweeney and Stanley Chodorow, ( Ithaca, NY 1989), 212-233, 212-214. See also Van Caenegem, "Methods of Proof", 96- 98.
9
van Caenegem, "Methods of Proof", 97-100.

-79-

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