The Germanic Mosaic: Cultural and Linguistic Diversity in Society

By Carol Aisha Blackshire-Belay | Go to book overview

higher cultural niveau, a superstratum, and that after leaving the lexical and phonological traces, they merged into the Finnish majority.

Evidence from both Finnish archaeology and linguistics indicates that the contacts between the Finnic and Germanic peoples began much earlier than is commonly supposed in Germanic literature, that the contacts were very close, that the peoples lived in the same communities, and that there must have been significant bilingualism resulting in an absorption of a Germanic supserstratum into a Finnish majority. Indeed, though I haven't seen it suggested in print, one might say that Finnish is a germanicized Finno-Ugric language. This scenario is quite different from what one finds in most Germanic literature. There cannot be two widely divergent pictures of the "truth"; Germanic scholars do need to consider seriously the results of scholarship in neighboring disciplines.


REFERENCES

Feldmann Georg Wilhelm ( 1988). "Wirtschaft und Markt vor dem Hintergrund der prähistorischen finnougrich-indogermanischen Sprachberührungen". Veröffentlichungen der Societas Uralo-Altaica 25. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.

Hakulinen Lauri ( 1960). Handbuch der finnischen Sprache. Vol 2. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.

Hertzen Erik v. ( 1973). "Itäsmerensuomen lainasanakerrostumien ikäämisestä". In Zur Datierung der Lehnwortschichten des Ostseefinnischen, SUSA 72: 77-105.

Hofstra Tette ( 1985). Ostseefinnisch und Germanisch: frühe Lehnbeziehungen im nördlichen Ostseeraum hn Lichte der Forschung seit 1961. Groningen: Lehmann.

Huurre Matti ( 1990). 9000 vuotta Suomen esihistoria. 4th ed. Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava.

Jaanits Lembit ( 1974). Über die gemeinsame archäologische Kultur der ostseefinnischen Stämme. Sowetskoe Finno-Ugrowedenie, 10: 225-237.

Keller R. E. ( 1986). Die deutsche Sprache und ihre historische Entwicklung. Translated from 1978 English edition by Karl-Heinz Mulagk. Hamburg: Helmut Buske.

Koivulehto Jorma ( 1971). "Vanhimmista germaanis-suomalaisista lainakosketuksista: sm. karsia -- germ. *skarδian". Virittäjä 75: 380-388.

---- ( 1976). "Vanhimmista germaanisista lainakosketuksista ja niiden ikäämisestä I-II". Virittäjä 80: 33-47, 247-290. (German summary: Über die ältesten germanischen Lehnberührungen und ihre Datierung.46-47; 285-290.)

---- ( 1979a). "Baltisches und Germanisches im Finnischen: die finn. Stämme auf -rte und die finn. Sequenz VrtV". E. F. Schiefer, ed. In Explanationes et tractationes Fenno-Ugricae in honorem Hans Fromm.

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