The Germanic Mosaic: Cultural and Linguistic Diversity in Society

By Carol Aisha Blackshire-Belay | Go to book overview

29
The Construction of Homosexuality in National Socialist Germany

ROBERT VOCCA

Why homosexual women and men have been discriminated against up to our present age is a problem with multiple psychosocial causes that cannot be fully treated within the constraints of this chapter. However, I will attempt to investigate the state-sanctioned persecution of homosexuals in the Third Reich and how the ideological construction of "homosexuality" by the National Socialists justified the police and legal actions that followed 1933. It must be pointed out that the government's homophobia did not end concomitantly with the destruction of National Socialist Germany. Paragraph 175, which outlawed homosexuality, was reworded in 1935 in order to streamline the procedure for obtaining a conviction and interning the offender in a concentration camp. This revised version survived intact until 1969 and was removed from the list of criminal offenses in January 1991.

The construction of homosexuality as a punishable crime was used as a method of regulating social control long before National Socialist Germany. However, the persecution of homosexuals by the Nazis reached a heretofore unseen systematicity. The attempted suppression of homosexual desire, through the agency of criminal law, forms a historical continuum from Christian antiquity to our so-called enlightened present. In 538 of the Common Era, Justinian of Christian Rome criminalized in his Codex Justinianus "acts contrary to nature" and "the defilement of males." The Christian-influenced criminalization of homosexuality was also seen in secular law by the year 1270 in France1 The penalty for men was as follows: "He who has been proved to be a sodomite must lose his testicles. And if he does it a second time, he must lose his member. And if he does it a third time, he must be burned" (Crompton: 13).

In more recent times, the precepts of Christian morality were not as predominant as the military and economically motivated ideologies surrounding human reproduction. The founder of modern German penal law,

-289-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Germanic Mosaic: Cultural and Linguistic Diversity in Society
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 318

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.