Economic Development and Environmental Control: Balancing Business and Community in an Age of Nimbys and Lulus

By John O'Looney | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 7
Policy Options

In this chapter, I examine some specific policy options for siting unwanted land-use facilities. Each of these policy options represents an attempt to craft hybrid policy in the sense that the ideological sources of inspiration and justification are found in more than one ideological stream. In particular, the policy options examined tend to represent ideological combinations of classic liberal and communitarian perspectives. The first type of policy option to be examine--the development of a more formal process by which LULU developers and LULU communities can negotiate and bargain--represents only a small, and not entirely satisfactory, shift away from a classic liberal reliance on the market. The second type of option--a framework policy for a social market in development rights--is a more complete hybrid. In fact, this second type of option represents a combination of the features of social-republican and social-democratic approaches (which are themselves hybrids of classic liberal and communitarian ideologies) to policy issues. In this sense, the second type of policy option represents a hybrid of a hybrid.

Within the second type of land-use policy option, I examine several proposals that advance the art of land-use policymaking, but that are still unsatisfactory as mechanisms for addressing LULU problems. Finally, I suggest a sample framework policy that draws on earlier proposals for new systems of land tenure, but that more adequately addresses the full array of LULU-siting and burden- sharing issues. The policy proposal I present represents only one example of framework-type policies, and perhaps a flawed one at that. However, the purpose of setting forth a specific proposal is not to convince policy makers that there is a single, best-of-all land-use control policy; rather, it is to stimulate thinking about the details of policymaking in this area and to advance the state of the art in developing framework policies. Framework policies, in this respect, represent an attempt to frame or contain the effects of a free market in property rights so as to support community, equity, and environmental qualities, while not losing a great

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Economic Development and Environmental Control: Balancing Business and Community in an Age of Nimbys and Lulus
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 9
  • Chapter 1 the Evolution of Lulu Problems 11
  • Notes 67
  • Chapter 2 Property Law, Ideology, and the Dilemma of Habitation 81
  • Notes 116
  • Chapter 3 - Land-Use Politics 123
  • Notes 164
  • Chapter 4 Land-Use Control and the Idea of Common Pool Resources 173
  • Notes 187
  • Chapter 5 Policy Tools and Approaches to Land-Use Conflict 189
  • Notes 240
  • Chapter 6 Generating Policy Innovations in Land-Use Control: Some History and Ideas 251
  • Notes 269
  • Chapter 7 Policy Options 273
  • Notes 299
  • Chapter 8 Features, Qualifications, and Objections to the Proposed Framework Policy 303
  • Notes 339
  • Index 345
  • About the Author 356
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