Economic Development and Environmental Control: Balancing Business and Community in an Age of Nimbys and Lulus

By John O'Looney | Go to book overview

NOTES
1.
Swallow Stephen K., Opaluch James J., and Weaver Thomas F. ( 1992). "Siting Noxious Facilities: An Approach that Integrates Technical, Economic, and Political Considerations." Land Economics 68:3:238-301.
2.
For an example of the development of a weighted criteria system, see Keeny R. L., and Nair K. ( 1977). "Selecting Nuclear Power Plants in the Pacific Northwest Using Decision Analysis." In Conflicting Objectives in Decision, edited by E. E. Bell, R. L. Keeney , and H. Raiffa. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Also, there are a number of parallel processes used by economists to measure what is sometimes termed the shadow price or the "willingness to pay" for features that may not have a specific market value.
3.
Opaluch J. J., Swallow S. K., and Weaver T. F. (Forthcoming). "Evaluating Impacts from Noxious Facilities: Including Public Preferences in Current Siting Mechanisms." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management.
4.
Kunreuther H. and Kleindorfer P. R. ( 1987). "A Compensation Mechanism for Siting Noxious Facilities: Theory and Experimental Design." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 14:4: 371-83. Also, Inhaber Herbert. ( 1992). "Of NIMBYs, LULUs, and NIMTOOs." Public Interest (Spring):107:52-64. For a discussion of the use of community enforcement of property rights though a referendum process, see: Mitchell R. C. , and Carson R. T. ( 1986). "Property, Protest, and the Siting of Hazardous Waste Facilities." American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings 76:2:285-90.
5.
Although establishment of such constraints has sometimes made it to the political agenda (as evidenced by the number of proposals to increase the earned-income credit or to re-establish progressivity in the tax code), proposals that distribute income explicitly tend to be designated as "welfare" or denigrated as "socialistic," and have in recent decades fared poorly in the legislative arena.
6.
Lowry Ira S. and Ferguson Bruce W. ( 1992). Development Regulation and Housing Affordability. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Land Institute, p. 155.
7.
For a discussion of framework policies and the new institutionalism, see Allen Christopher . ( 1989). "The Underdevelopment of Keynesianism in the Federal Republic of Germany." In The Political Power of Economic Ideas: Keynesianism Across Nations, edited by Peter A. Hall. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, pp. 263-289.
8.
De Hernando Soto. ( 1989). The Other Path: The Invisible Revolution in the Third World. New York: Harper & Row.
9.
While this might suggest that property owners in cities or counties that do not have zoning would experience a decline in property values, because of mechanisms such as restrictive covenants, large-scale planned developments, or restrictions on utility hook-ups that act in a manner similar to government zoning, this potential reduction in the value of property affected by incompatible development may not be visible. Also, because the wealthy and the educated, politically active classes are most likely to participate in these non-zoning, property-protection schemes, the negative impact of the state's failure to create legal protection for specific property uses will tend to fall on the poorer, least educated, and least politically active parts of the community, as Robert Bullard has noted. See, Bullard Robert D. ( 1990). Dumping in Dixie. Boulder, Co.: Westview Press. Additionally, some of the negative impacts of unrestricted development tend to occur most dramatically in the long

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Economic Development and Environmental Control: Balancing Business and Community in an Age of Nimbys and Lulus
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 9
  • Chapter 1 the Evolution of Lulu Problems 11
  • Notes 67
  • Chapter 2 Property Law, Ideology, and the Dilemma of Habitation 81
  • Notes 116
  • Chapter 3 - Land-Use Politics 123
  • Notes 164
  • Chapter 4 Land-Use Control and the Idea of Common Pool Resources 173
  • Notes 187
  • Chapter 5 Policy Tools and Approaches to Land-Use Conflict 189
  • Notes 240
  • Chapter 6 Generating Policy Innovations in Land-Use Control: Some History and Ideas 251
  • Notes 269
  • Chapter 7 Policy Options 273
  • Notes 299
  • Chapter 8 Features, Qualifications, and Objections to the Proposed Framework Policy 303
  • Notes 339
  • Index 345
  • About the Author 356
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