Metacognition in Educational Theory and Practice

By Douglas J. Hacker; John Dunlosky et al. | Go to book overview

8
Self-Regulated Comprehension During Normal Reading

Douglas J. Hacker

The University of Memphis

Cognitive psychologists and educational psychologists have not always agreed on the kinds of cognitive processes that should be included under the rubric of comprehension monitoring, nor have they always agreed on a common usage of the term comprehension monitoring. In general, cognitive psychologists have used the terminology metamemory for text, calibration of comprehension, or metacomprehension and have restricted the kinds of processes to those that concern prediction of whether text has been or will be understood (e.g., Glenberg & Epstein, 1985; Glenberg, Wilkinson, & Epstein, 1982; Maki & Serra, 1992; Weaver, 1990). The concept underlying these terms often has been operationalized by relating readers' predictions of comprehension with their actual performance on comprehension-type questions. Readers whose predictions and performance are highly correlated are judged to have good calibration of comprehension, whereas readers whose predictions and performance are minimally correlated are judged to have poor metacomprehension.

By contrast, educational psychologists have tended to favor the term comprehension monitoring and typically have conceptualized it as a multidimensional process that includes evaluation and regulation (e.g., Baker, 1985; Brown, 1980; Hacker, Plumb, Butterfield, Quathamer, & Heineken, 1994; Palincsar & Brown, 1984; Zabrucky & Ratner, 1992). Evaluation involves monitoring of one's understanding of text material, and regulation involves control of one's reading to resolve problems and increase comprehension. Often, comprehension monitoring has been operationalized

-165-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Metacognition in Educational Theory and Practice
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 407

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.